(1) Burns on 20 to 85 percent of body surface (but not on hands, face, feet,
genitalia, and/or perineum) and casualty is responding to intravenous therapy.
Uncomplicated fractures, with or without minor open wounds.
(3) Open wounds, including superficial chest wounds, without respiratory
distress and without decreased blood pressure.
Psychiatric problems (combat stress/battle fatigue).
e. Convenience. Evacuation of patients by medical vehicle is a matter of
convenience rather than necessity. Examples are:
Minor open wounds.
Sprains and strains.
Minor burns under 20 percent of the total body surface area.
Section II. EVACUATION FLOW
The Army's system for evacuating sick, wounded, and injured personnel has
been developed through many years of experience. The forerunner of today's
evacuation system was developed by Dr. Letterman during the American Civil War.
Today's evacuation system provides a continuous system of evacuation beginning at
the point of injury and extending all the way to military and nonmilitary hospitals within
the United States. The evacuation system relies upon the use of manual and litter
carries, ground and air ambulances, non-medical vehicles which can be used to
transport casualties, United States Air Force (USAF) fixed wing aircraft, and US Navy
vessels to transport casualties to facilities where they can receive the appropriate care.
a. Combat Medic. The first medical person to treat a casualty is usually the
combat medic attached to the platoon or company.
The casualty may receive care in the form of buddy-aid from a fellow soldier or
first aid from a combat lifesaver before the medic arrives. However, this care is
not delivered by a medical person and is not classified as medical care.
b. Casualty Collection Point. Casualties requiring additional medical treatment
are usually taken to a collection point called a casualty collection point (CCP). Casualties
usually reach the CCP by walking or by being carried (either manual carry or litter).