stations, unit aid stations, area dispensaries, and by direct admission. Two EVAC
hospitals are normally allocated per division supported.
b. The hospital is organized to include a hospital headquarters section; the usual
administrative services; and a professional services section, which includes a surgical
service, medical service, dental service, and the professional ancillary services of
radiology, pharmacy, and laboratory. Professional capabilities include general surgery,
orthopedic surgery, thoracic surgery, neurosurgery, urology, ophthalmology,
otolaryngology, and internal medicine. This hospital provides its own laundry service.
The organization is shown in Figure 5-6.
Figure 5-6. Evacuation (EVAC) hospital.
c. These hospitals provide definitive hospital care as near the front as
practicable. Patients may be retained here for a few hours or a few weeks, depending
upon such considerations as the rate of admission, necessity for unit displacement,
number of available beds, evacuation policy, and the tactical situation. These hospitals
facilitate the concentration of patients in such numbers and at such locations, that mass
evacuation can be undertaken in an economical and practical manner by ambulance
convoy or air evacuation. They also provide care that permits large numbers of patients
to be returned to duty within corps. For example, with a 15-day evacuation policy about
20 percent of the battle casualties and about 60 percent of the nonbattle casualties
hospitalized in corps can be returned to duty.