(2) Naval support. United States Naval support includes air support from
carrier striking forces and land-based USN or USMarine aircraft; air defense by manned
aircraft or surface-to-air missiles; assault shipping; antisubmarine protection,
mine-sweeping,maintenance of sea lines of communications, and surface protection
of coastal flanks;naval gun-fire and missile support; Marine Corps combat support (CS);
and CSS asdirected by the theater commander.
(3) Air Force support. United States Air Force support includes close air
air defense, inter-theater and intra-theater airlift, weather service, and CSS as directed
by the theater commander.
a. That portion of a TO required for ground force operations normally is divided
into a combat zone and a communications zone (COMMZ) (figure 1-2). The theater
commander designates the rear boundary of the combat zone. The combat zone
contains the area required by combat forces for the conduct of operations and the
necessary organic CS and CSS facilities. The COMMZ includes the lines of
communication, establishments for supply and evacuation, and the area required by the
agencies and facilities providing CS and CSS to elements in the combat zone. Initially,
a TO may consist of the combat zone only, with CSS provided directly from ZI or from
off shore bases.
Figure 1-2. Territorial organization of a theater of operations.