Radiation and chemical protection.
Community health nurse.
Hospital acquired infection control.
b. Infectious disease control-preventive Medicare personnel ensure that troops
receive the proper immunizations. Immunization increases the resistance individuals
have against disease. It also reduces an individual's exposure to a disease since many
other persons are also immunized. There are few diseases for which immunizations are
available. For the other diseases, control involves finding cases and investigating them
quickly. There are specific programs to deal with sexually transmitted diseases and
The Preventive Medicine Activity inspects dining facilities, cafeterias, trucks of
local vendors, and any other establishment serving food on post. Preventive Medicine
also ensures that the installation water supply is potable through periodic monitoring.
Wastewater and solid waste disposal are also monitored by Preventive Medicine. In
accordance with AR 40-5, Preventive Medicine also inspects day care centers, barber
shops, and beauty shops, for sanitary deficiencies.
The large ionizing radiation hazards on most fixed installations are in the
diagnostic and therapeutic radiology departments of the hospitals. Preventive medicine
monitors these hazards. In addition, other potential hazards exist such as microwave
ovens in Food Service Facilities.
COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
Most installations have at least one community health nurse who fulfills a variety
of roles. The community health nurse provides services primarily to service members'
families. Services include:
a. Prenatal Programs--usually run in cooperation with the OB-GYN department.
b. Well Baby Clinic-usually run in cooperation with the pediatric department.
c. All other areas of health education.