7. The term certification pertains to the process of:
a. Obtaining authoritative endorsement as to the qualifications of an individual to
perform competently in a specific occupation.
b. Establishing the merits of a program offered by an educational institution.
c. The issuing of a permit by a governmental agency attesting to the individual's
competence to practice in a particular career field.
d. Submitting ongoing self-evaluations regarding the adequacy of a program of
8. The process by which an outside agency confirms that an institution or program
conforms to certain pre-established standards and criteria is referred to as the
9. The issuing of a permit attesting to an individual's competence to practice in a
particular field or profession is known as: