The purpose of disclosure is to:
a. Protect the physician from medical malpractice.
b. Enable patients to exercise their autonomy by intelligently selecting treatment
c. Foster paternalism in health care, and give the patient the benefit of full
d. Emphasize the potential risks rather than treatment options.
The professional practice standard assumes that:
a. A customary standard of disclosure exists for the communication of
b. The physician can put him- or herself in the patient's place.
c. Patient autonomy is the most important consideration.
d. The standard of disclosure can never be set too high.
According to the material risk standard of disclosure, the materiality (relevance)
of a piece of medical information is measured by the significance that a
___________ would attach to it in deciding whether or not to undergo a medical
The problem with the objective test of the reasonable person standard is that:
a. Material information and the concept of the reasonable person have never
been thoroughly defined.
b. It is doctor-centered.
c. It meets the unique needs of any patient.
d. It goes too far in supporting the ethical principle of the patient's right to self-