EXERCISES, LESSON 2, SECTION II
It is recommended that you work the following exercises (1 through 10) before
beginning the next lesson. After you have completed the exercises, check your
answers against the solutions following the exercises. For any answer missed, reread
the material referenced in the solution.
MULTIPLE-CHOICE. Select the ONE response (a, b, c, or d) that BEST completes the
statement or BEST answers the question.
Which patient's right to refuse is most likely to be overridden by the state interest
in preserving life?
a. A terminally ill incompetent patient whose guardian refuses further treatment
on the patient's behalf.
b. A terminally ill, competent adult who doesn't want surgery.
c. An infant whose parents refuse major medical intervention required to prevent
d. A competent adult who refuses the amputation of a gangrenous arm.
A pregnant woman needs immediate care. She refuses treatment although it
might affect the life of the fetus. The court would probably:
Override her refusal for the sake of the fetus.
Disregard the rights of the fetus and honor her refusal.
Respect her right to autonomy over her own body.
Seek a review by the ethics committee.
A burn victim refuses treatment because he cannot tolerate the excruciating pain
that the treatment only intensifies. The hospital is likely to:
a. Let the patient forego treatment, since there is a point at which the quality of
life becomes more important than the length of one's life.
b. Proceed with treatment because the pain is affecting his ability to understand
his own best interests.
c. Seek the consent of the patient's next of kin before proceeding.
d. Give the patient strong painkillers and then seek his consent.