A calculated risk is taken in making confidential information readily accessible to
hospital personnel, because:
a. Unauthorized access is not a concern of the hospital.
b. Confidentiality and quality care are almost always mutually exclusive
c. The need for prompt quality care may, in some situations, override the
requirement to protect confidentiality.
d. You can't have confidentiality without free access to information.
Which of the following would constitute a breach of patient confidentiality?
a. A health provider involved in the care of an HIV-positive patient reveals the
identity of the patient to a co-worker who is not involved in the patient's
b. The primary physician discusses her patient's case with the radiologist, who,
in turn, discusses the patient with the x-ray technologist who will be
taking the x-rays.
c. A hospital researcher who has received proper authorization for his research
project uses data from patient records while protecting the patient's
d. The hospital accountant reviews medical records that are required in
preparation for an audit.
A breach of confidence made to protect third parties is most clearly justified
a. The probability of harm is high and the consequences are serious.
b. The probability of harm is low and the consequences are slight.
c. There is the slightest potential for possible harm to others.
What type of information is considered privileged or protected under
Conditions that are easily apparent, such as sunburn.
Information learned by the physician in consultation or treatment.
Information revealed to a physician outside the context of the professional
relationship, that is, on a golf course.