Quantcast
Communicable Disease Control - Principles of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
1-11. COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL
Disease control measures may be viewed as a means of breaking the links to the
chain of disease transmission (figure 1-2). If anyone of the links in the chain is broken,
disease will not occur. The infection chain for each specific disease usually has one link
that is more vulnerable or more easily broken than the others. While the chain may be
attacked at several points and all three links, the major effort usually is made against
the weakest link. The one disease control measure that is applicable to all three links is
personal hygiene. Personal hygiene is defined as the application, by the individual, of
the principles of healthful living. It embraces more than mere personal cleanliness.
Achieving a high level of personal hygiene requires the individual to practice health
rules to safeguard his own health and the health of others. Every individual is
potentially a source of disease, a vehicle of transmission, and a person susceptible (to a
greater or lesser degree) to disease. Therefore, universal and unrelenting application of
the principles of healthful living will do much to prevent the spread of disease.
Figure 1-2.
Break the chain of disease transmission.
a. Control Measures Applicable to the Source.
(1)  Isolation is the separation of infected persons from others during the
period in which the infection is communicable. This separation may be accomplished
by having the sick person admitted to hospital isolation or by self-isolation practiced by
the infected person. In self-isolation the infected person should separate himself from
susceptible by a distance of more than 5 feet, practice good personal hygiene, and
avoid the spreading of disease agents as much as possible.
(2)  Quarantine is the restriction of movement of a well person who has been
exposed to a communicable disease. The purpose of quarantine is to prevent contact
between a probable carrier and other people who have not been exposed.
(3)  Medical surveillance consists of observing and supervising someone
who, through association with a disease source, may have been exposed to a disease.
MD0151
1-9



Medical News
Grand Roundup: Top posts for the week of April 13
The five most-read stories this week on Scope were: Stanford...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
D.C. Week: ACA Enrollment Tops Expectations
WASHINGTON (MedPage Today) -- The White House heralded the early...
medpagetoday.com
Survey Favors Medicare Pay Data Release
(MedPage Today) -- Almost three of out five readers believe...
medpagetoday.com
Risk Score Predicts Arthritis Progression
(MedPage Today) -- A risk score encompassing clinical characteristics, serologic...
medpagetoday.com
ICD-10 Follies: Fear of the Easter Bunny
(MedPage Today) -- Although the forthcoming move to the ICD-10...
medpagetoday.com
Philippines boosts MERS monitoring after UAE nurse scare
The Philippines said Saturday it was stepping up its defences...
medicalxpress.com
Treating depression in Parkinson's patients
A group of scientists from the University of Kentucky College...
medicalxpress.com
Air Space: E-Cigarette Reg Leaked to Industry?
(MedPage Today) -- After years of FDA foot-dragging amid calls...
medpagetoday.com
More than a quarter of emergency contraceptives in Peru falsified or substandard
A survey of emergency contraceptive pills in Peru found that...
medicalxpress.com
Friday Feedback: In Search of Marijuana Answers
(MedPage Today) -- We asked several physicians and health experts...
medpagetoday.com
Hospital Visits Fell When Seniors Got Drug Coverage
(MedPage Today) -- The advent of Medicare prescription drug coverage...
medpagetoday.com
Oil-swishing craze: Snake oil or all-purpose remedy?
(HealthDay)—Allison Bennett of Palm City, Fla., plans to swish daily....
medicalxpress.com
Wireless stick-on patch could make continuous health monitoring more flexible and practical
Stress tests or sleep studies are two examples of when...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
This Week in Medical News: Weed, Robotics, Allergies
(MedPage Today) -- Our takes on media coverage of a...
medpagetoday.com
Will Recent Findings Change Sepsis Guidelines? (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- The National Quality Forum is meeting to...
medpagetoday.com
Standard ultrasound criteria needed in carotid artery stenosis
(HealthDay)—Standardization of the diagnostic criteria defining the degree of carotid...
medicalxpress.com
Suddenly health insurance is not for sale
(HealthDay)— Darlene Tucker, an independent insurance broker in Scotts Hill,...
medicalxpress.com
Mum's diet mirrors child's food allergies
A long-term study evaluating maternal diet's impact on food allergy...
medicalxpress.com
Study: Half of jailed NYC youths have brain injury
About half of all 16- to 18-year-olds coming into New...
medicalxpress.com
US scientists make embryonic stem cells from adult skin
For the first time, US researchers have cloned embryonic stem...
medicalxpress.com
   


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +