Quantcast Communicable Disease Control - Principles of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
1-11. COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL
Disease control measures may be viewed as a means of breaking the links to the
chain of disease transmission (figure 1-2). If anyone of the links in the chain is broken,
disease will not occur. The infection chain for each specific disease usually has one link
that is more vulnerable or more easily broken than the others. While the chain may be
attacked at several points and all three links, the major effort usually is made against
the weakest link. The one disease control measure that is applicable to all three links is
personal hygiene. Personal hygiene is defined as the application, by the individual, of
the principles of healthful living. It embraces more than mere personal cleanliness.
Achieving a high level of personal hygiene requires the individual to practice health
rules to safeguard his own health and the health of others. Every individual is
potentially a source of disease, a vehicle of transmission, and a person susceptible (to a
greater or lesser degree) to disease. Therefore, universal and unrelenting application of
the principles of healthful living will do much to prevent the spread of disease.
Figure 1-2.
Break the chain of disease transmission.
a. Control Measures Applicable to the Source.
(1)  Isolation is the separation of infected persons from others during the
period in which the infection is communicable. This separation may be accomplished
by having the sick person admitted to hospital isolation or by self-isolation practiced by
the infected person. In self-isolation the infected person should separate himself from
susceptible by a distance of more than 5 feet, practice good personal hygiene, and
avoid the spreading of disease agents as much as possible.
(2)  Quarantine is the restriction of movement of a well person who has been
exposed to a communicable disease. The purpose of quarantine is to prevent contact
between a probable carrier and other people who have not been exposed.
(3)  Medical surveillance consists of observing and supervising someone
who, through association with a disease source, may have been exposed to a disease.
MD0151
1-9



Medical News
3-D structure of key signaling protein and receptor revealed
Using ultra-bright X-rays at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, a team...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Doctor Google: How age and other factors influence online health information searches
Consumers have access to multiple Web sites to search for...
medicalxpress.com
New eye-tracker method shows 'preferred retinal location' in both eyes
Eyes with central vision loss adapt by developing a new...
medicalxpress.com
Neurology researchers evaluate evidence base for tests for clinical cognitive assessment
Recommendations for improving clinical cognitive testing were reported by the...
medicalxpress.com
Cancer healthcare disparities exist in the LGBTQ community, researchers say
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) community is a...
medicalxpress.com
Practice doesn't always make perfect (depending on your brain)
How do you get to Carnegie Hall? New research on...
medicalxpress.com
National study of deep brain stimulation for depression fails to demonstrate efficacy
Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant...
medicalxpress.com
New therapy delivers long-term relief for chronic back, leg pain, study finds
Chronic back and leg pain sufferers in search of better...
medicalxpress.com
Dog sledding offers a healthy dose of adventure for children with cancer
A team of sled dogs racing through the snowy forests...
medicalxpress.com
Hormones influence unethical behavior
Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating...
medicalxpress.com
Illuminating mechanisms of repetitive thinking
The ability to engage in mental time travel—to delve back...
medicalxpress.com
Early evidence suggests hybrid cochlear implants may benefit millions with common form of hearing loss
People with a common form of hearing loss not helped...
medicalxpress.com
Doctor warns about lead poisoning risk from recycling older electronic equipment
The disposal and recycling of electronic devices has increased exposure...
medicalxpress.com
New study data show reduced intracranial pressure
Results from a European clinical trial comparing therapeutic hypothermia to...
medicalxpress.com
NeuroBreak: The Alzheimer's Palate, CTE COI
(MedPage Today) -- News and commentary from the world of...
medpagetoday.com
EdibleRx: From AAP, Parents & Prevention = Progress
(MedPage Today) -- Pediatrics org puts the spotlight on parents...
medpagetoday.com
Diabetics who skip breakfast provoke hazardous blood sugar spikes
More and more Americans on-the-go are skipping the "most important...
medicalxpress.com
Movement tracking technology sheds light on different speech disorders in children
Facial motion capture - the same technology used to develop...
medicalxpress.com
Beetroot juice supplementation may help lengthen workouts
(HealthDay)—Chronic supplementation with beetroot juice (BRJ), containing nitrate, has beneficial...
medicalxpress.com
Stroke Rounds: Risk Climbs When BP Is Moving Target (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability in hypertensive patients...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +