Quantcast Communicable Disease Control - Principles of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
1-11. COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL
Disease control measures may be viewed as a means of breaking the links to the
chain of disease transmission (figure 1-2). If anyone of the links in the chain is broken,
disease will not occur. The infection chain for each specific disease usually has one link
that is more vulnerable or more easily broken than the others. While the chain may be
attacked at several points and all three links, the major effort usually is made against
the weakest link. The one disease control measure that is applicable to all three links is
personal hygiene. Personal hygiene is defined as the application, by the individual, of
the principles of healthful living. It embraces more than mere personal cleanliness.
Achieving a high level of personal hygiene requires the individual to practice health
rules to safeguard his own health and the health of others. Every individual is
potentially a source of disease, a vehicle of transmission, and a person susceptible (to a
greater or lesser degree) to disease. Therefore, universal and unrelenting application of
the principles of healthful living will do much to prevent the spread of disease.
Figure 1-2.
Break the chain of disease transmission.
a. Control Measures Applicable to the Source.
(1)  Isolation is the separation of infected persons from others during the
period in which the infection is communicable. This separation may be accomplished
by having the sick person admitted to hospital isolation or by self-isolation practiced by
the infected person. In self-isolation the infected person should separate himself from
susceptible by a distance of more than 5 feet, practice good personal hygiene, and
avoid the spreading of disease agents as much as possible.
(2)  Quarantine is the restriction of movement of a well person who has been
exposed to a communicable disease. The purpose of quarantine is to prevent contact
between a probable carrier and other people who have not been exposed.
(3)  Medical surveillance consists of observing and supervising someone
who, through association with a disease source, may have been exposed to a disease.
MD0151
1-9



Medical News
A Quarter of Uninsured Say They Can’t Afford to Buy Coverage
(MedPage Today) -- It's the most common reason given for...
medpagetoday.com
Ebola: Can It End Next Summer?
(MedPage Today) -- U.N. Secretary-General says West Africa epidemic will...
medpagetoday.com
Grand Roundup: Top posts for week of Nov. 16
The five most-read stories this week on Scope were: My...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
PodMed: A Medical News Roundup From Johns Hopkins (with audio)
(MedPage Today) -- This weeks topics include manual versus mechanical...
medpagetoday.com
D.C. Week: House Sues Over ACA; Generic Drug Prices Scrutinized
(MedPage Today) -- Boehner makes good on lawsuit threat....
medpagetoday.com
Mali announces new Ebola case
Mali announced Saturday a new case of Ebola in a...
medicalxpress.com
Plague outbreak kills 40 in Madagascar: WHO
An outbreak of plague has killed 40 people in Madagascar,...
medicalxpress.com
Dutch cull ducks amid bird flu fears in poultry heartland
The Dutch authorities on Saturday ordered the preventative cull of...
medicalxpress.com
Boob Glue, Spilt Beer: That's Improbable!
(MedPage Today) -- A weekly report from our friends over...
medpagetoday.com
Hope in Liberia, anxiety in Mali as Ebola battle rages
Liberia has set itself the target of halting Ebola by...
medicalxpress.com
Structured education program beneficial for anaphylaxis
(HealthDay)—A structured education intervention improves knowledge and emergency management for...
medicalxpress.com
Prosocial internet support group not beneficial for breast cancer
(HealthDay)—A prosocial Internet support group (ISG) that encourages breast cancer...
medicalxpress.com
Review: Ketogenic diets suppress appetite despite weight loss
(HealthDay)—A review of evidence supports that ketogenic diets suppress appetite...
medicalxpress.com
Feds vows to publicize vaccine injury help program
Leaders of the nation's system for helping people injured by...
medicalxpress.com
Testosterone testing has increased in recent years
(HealthDay)—There has been a recent increase in the rate of...
medicalxpress.com
UN chief: Ebola cases in Mali a 'deep concern'
The United Nations chief warned Friday that Ebola may be...
medicalxpress.com
Ebola returns to city at Sierra Leone outbreak epicentre
Sierra Leone announced a death from Ebola on Friday in...
medicalxpress.com
Switzerland bans Dutch poultry imports, new bird flu cases in Holland
Switzerland on Friday said it was banning chicken imports from...
medicalxpress.com
AMA: Gender inequality still exists in medicine
(HealthDay)—Gender inequality still exists in medicine, according to an article...
medicalxpress.com
Doubling saturated fat in the diet does not increase saturated fat in blood, study finds
Doubling or even nearly tripling saturated fat in the diet...
medicalxpress.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +