Quantcast Communicable Disease Control - Principles of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
1-11. COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL
Disease control measures may be viewed as a means of breaking the links to the
chain of disease transmission (figure 1-2). If anyone of the links in the chain is broken,
disease will not occur. The infection chain for each specific disease usually has one link
that is more vulnerable or more easily broken than the others. While the chain may be
attacked at several points and all three links, the major effort usually is made against
the weakest link. The one disease control measure that is applicable to all three links is
personal hygiene. Personal hygiene is defined as the application, by the individual, of
the principles of healthful living. It embraces more than mere personal cleanliness.
Achieving a high level of personal hygiene requires the individual to practice health
rules to safeguard his own health and the health of others. Every individual is
potentially a source of disease, a vehicle of transmission, and a person susceptible (to a
greater or lesser degree) to disease. Therefore, universal and unrelenting application of
the principles of healthful living will do much to prevent the spread of disease.
Figure 1-2.
Break the chain of disease transmission.
a. Control Measures Applicable to the Source.
(1)  Isolation is the separation of infected persons from others during the
period in which the infection is communicable. This separation may be accomplished
by having the sick person admitted to hospital isolation or by self-isolation practiced by
the infected person. In self-isolation the infected person should separate himself from
susceptible by a distance of more than 5 feet, practice good personal hygiene, and
avoid the spreading of disease agents as much as possible.
(2)  Quarantine is the restriction of movement of a well person who has been
exposed to a communicable disease. The purpose of quarantine is to prevent contact
between a probable carrier and other people who have not been exposed.
(3)  Medical surveillance consists of observing and supervising someone
who, through association with a disease source, may have been exposed to a disease.
MD0151
1-9



Medical News
Teenagers shape each other's views on how risky a situation is
Young adolescents' judgements on how risky a situation might be...
medicalxpress.com
Mexican Americans confront high disability rates in later life
Life expectancy for Hispanics in the U.S. currently outpaces other...
medicalxpress.com
Carnival game mimics eye growth
The motion of coins in a "Penny Pusher" carnival game...
medicalxpress.com
Ebola virus has mutated less than scientists feared, study finds
The Ebola virus is not mutating as quickly as scientists...
medicalxpress.com
Swiss authorities target 'live cell' injection clinics
Swiss health regulators announced Thursday they have launched a criminal...
medicalxpress.com
Bariatric surgery before joint replacement can improve outcomes in obese patients
Obesity is not only a risk factor for developing knee...
medicalxpress.com
Study explores how cultural differences can shape the way we respond to suffering
Our emotions may be a deeply personal experience, but the...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
CDC Requests More $$ for Antibiotic Resistance, Opioid Abuse
(MedPage Today) -- Director of CDC asks for more resources...
medpagetoday.com
NYU Leads the Way in Lupus Pregnancy (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Focus on risk factors for adverse outcomes...
medpagetoday.com
What to do with kidneys from older deceased donors?
A new study highlights the best way to use kidneys...
medicalxpress.com
Excerpt From 'The Secret Language of Doctors'
(MedPage Today) -- ED doc Brian Goldman investigates slang to...
medpagetoday.com
'Pay Attention to How Doctors Talk'
(MedPage Today) -- Slang is a window into the healthcare...
medpagetoday.com
Study finds the role of genes is greater with living to older ages
Genes appear to play a stronger role in longevity in...
medicalxpress.com
Top European beers to show calorie counts
Beer drinkers in Europe will soon be able to find...
medicalxpress.com
Adding Salt to the Wound
(MedPage Today) -- A call about a patient's wound care...
medpagetoday.com
A sanitation solution: Stanford students introduce dry toilets in Haiti
In America, we often take for granted the relationship between...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Novel nanoparticle therapy promotes wound healing
An experimental therapy developed by researchers at Albert Einstein College...
medicalxpress.com
AAD: Frog Enzyme Clears Genital Warts
(MedPage Today) -- Summaries of late-breaking research from the dermatology...
medpagetoday.com
Calcium channels play a role in neuronal homeostasis and elimination of toxic buildup of proteins
Taking out the garbage is a crucial step in housecleaning....
medicalxpress.com
International collaboration essential in fight against rabies, new study finds
A new study, published today in the journal PloS Neglected...
medicalxpress.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +