preparations for measles, vaccinia, pertussis, mumps, rabies, and tetanus are obtained
by hyper- immunization of human beings or from persons with high antibody titers.
7-17. THE ARMY IMMUNIZATION PROGRAM
The primary purpose of the Army Immunization Program is to prevent disease that
might interfere with accomplishment of the military mission. Toward this end:
Standards for handling, storage, and quality control of biological products are
Immunizations for "routine" and "special" circumstances are selected.
Dosages and dose intervals are prescribed.
Measures for control of undesirable side effects are required.
Appropriate records of immunizations are initiated and maintained.
a. Standards. All biologicals obtained in this country for use in the Armed
Forces conform to the National Institute of Health requirements for the production and
sale of such materials. If procured abroad, these products must conform to standards
equivalent to those of NIH.
Expiration periods are based on previous experience with these or similar
agents and studies of the rate at which they lose immunizing potency.
The immunizing agent may not be used beyond the stated expiration
dates without specific authority from The Surgeon General.
As a general policy, biological products should not be ordered in
quantities so great that they will not be used before their date of expiration.
Yellow fever vaccine must always be shipped and stored at freezing
temperatures (below 32 F or 0 C).
Prolonged storage of poliovirus vaccine should be in the frozen state at a
temperature below -5 C or 23 F.
All other biologicals should be stored at temperatures between 2 and
8C (35.6 to 46.4F) and should not be frozen.