c. Hazardous Materials.
(1) lgnitability, corrosivity, reactivity, and/or toxicity materials. For ignitability,
corrosivity, reactivity, and/or toxicity materials, toxicity will probably be measured
through the use of the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), which tests
for organic and inorganic compounds and insecticides/herbicides under specified
conditions believed to simulate leaching.
(2) Nonmixable used and waste oils. Category I and III type waste (POL
such as used oils, paints, and bulk issue solvents) containing levels of halogenated
solvents in excess of 1,000 parts per million (PPM) or used oil containing between 100
and 1,000 ppm halogenated solvents as a result of other than normal operations must
be managed and disposed of as a hazardous waste or burned for energy recovery
under 40 CFR 261 and 266.
(3) Mixable POL waste. Waste oil and Category II type waste oils (hydraulic
and purging fluids, lubricating fluids, and synthetic oils) having halogenated solvents
below 1,000 ppm may be blended or mixed with other Class II waste for storage prior to
burning for energy recovery lAW 40 CFR 266, Subpart B.
(4) Spillage. Any spillage must be contained and every effort must be taken
to prevent the spill from reaching lakes or streams. In the case of spills of hazardous
waste (all fuels, POL, and other materials), regulated medical waste, drugs, etc., the
proper authorities must be notified IAW SOP. Spills over 50 gallons that are contained
to land areas must be reported. Sandbags or other type articles may be used to contain
spillage until it can be cleaned up.
(5) Maintenance of vehicles. Field maintenance of vehicles is to be limited.
When required, care must be exercised to ensure that no POL, grease, rags or
toweling, and the like be dumped or spilled on the ground by soldiers. All waste POL
must be placed in drums and returned to garrison for recycling. Vehicles will not be
washed in or near any lake or stream.
2-11. REQUESTING PREVENTIVE MEDICINE ACTION
If soldiers are exposed to environmental health hazards such as caused by some
type of solid waste disposal, preventive medicine personnel need to follow certain
procedures when requested to investigate. They need to determine the cause of the
outbreak and, amongst other things, make recommendations to the commander.
Generally speaking, these are the procedures they would follow.
a. Determine Patient Symptoms. When a request to investigate a suspected
health hazard is received, the preventive medicine personnel check with the medical
authorities or the commander to obtain soldier symptoms (for example: cold sweats,
lung damage, skin or eye irritations, diarrhea, fever) so that they have an idea of what to