very important that the proper type of incinerator be used since fluctuations in
temperature will result in damage to the incinerator or incomplete burning of waste
materials. Selection of the required type of incinerator requires an in-depth knowledge.
Facilities engineers are responsible for the proper operation of the incinerator.
1-13. GENERAL OPERATIONAL TECHNIQUES
In an incinerator, waste is lowered by a crane and then deposited into the
charging holes by means of a conveyor belt. Fuel and air are added for combustion.
Wood should never be used since high heat release could cause damage to the
incinerator. Plastic, when incinerated, also raises incinerator temperatures; therefore, it
is very important that only trained personnel who are aware of such factors operate
1-14. SAFETY MEASURES
The following measures must be enforced to overcome the inherent hazards in
the operation of an incinerator. Consult the installation safety office for additional
specific safety requirements for incinerators.
a. Flammable Materials. Explosive or highly flammable materials should never
be deposited into the incinerator. Gasoline, oils, asphalt, tar, live ammunition, or other
hazardous materials should not be delivered or stored near the incinerator or the
incinerator building. Any violations of this rule should be reported to the proper
b. Guardrails. Guardrails around all top-charging openings should be
maintained in good condition. Personnel should be kept outside the guardrail during
charging and other times when the charging openings are uncovered.
c. Face Masks. Plastic face masks of an approved type should be provided to
operators who require them. Consult the installation preventive medicine service for
d. Fire Extinguishers. Adequate fire extinguishers in good working order
should be provided in the incinerator building at all times.
e. Servicing Equipment. Mechanical and electrical equipment, motors, and
wiring should be serviced by competent mechanics. Incinerator operators should not be
allowed to perform these tasks.
f. Screens. A 3/4-inch wire mesh screen should be placed over the top of the
chimney to confine sparks and fly ash.
g. Unauthorized Personnel. Operation of the incinerator is an engineer
responsibility. Unauthorized personnel should not be permitted inside the incinerator