Separate rooms will be provided for sleep and play.
(4) A separate room will be provided for the isolation of children who
become ill after arrival at the facility.
(5) Lavatory and toilet facilities will be located in proximity to playrooms,
playground, and locker facilities. Separate toilet facilities should be available to and
adjoining isolation rooms. Separate toilet facilities will be provided for boys and girls
beyond the age of 5 years, and the staff. One flush toilet and lavatory will be
provided per eight children 18 months-3 years, and 1 per 15 children over 3 years of
age. Two flush toilets and lavatories per group of 25 to 30 preschool age children
age 3-5 years. Toilets and other fixtures should be scaled to size of children.
Approximately 50 percent of children's toilet should be pediatric size (10", mounted
19"-21" from the floor).
(6) All windows will be firmly screened to protect against falls but
removable for emergency exits. All stairways will be protected by gates or similar
(7) Floor surfaces should provide safety and warmth and be readily
cleanable in a manner which minimizes dust production and slippery conditions.
(8) Separate spaces for storing cleaning equipment and supplies will be
provided. Detergents, solvents, and other supplies of potential danger will be
inaccessible to children (preferably under lock). Poisonous and highly caustic
materials such as drain cleaners will be prohibited from the facility.
(9) All electrical outlets will be of child safety type or covered when not in
use. Extension cords will be approved by the fire marshal. Electrical appliances,
fireplaces, radiators, heaters, fans, and similar articles will be effectively protected
from child contact.
(10) Drinking fountains, when provided, will be equipped with mouth
guard and angled jet and should be sized for children. Approximately 50 percent
should be mounted 30" from the floor to preclude unnecessary use of steps or
(11) All rooms occupied by children will be equipped with approved
heating and ventilating systems capable of maintaining a temperature of at least
68F in the winter and 78F in the summer measured within one foot of the floor. At
least three air changes per hour of outdoor air will be provided in play and sleeping
areas, and adequate exhaust provided in toilets and lavatories. Humidity control
(preferably steam manifold type maintained at 50-55 percent R.H.) should be
provided in winter months to prevent drying of mucous membranes, which causes
increased susceptibility to upper respiratory infection. When used, humidification