b. Elimination of Dangerous Conditions. The following dangerous conditions
should be eliminated:
Poorly-drained, slippery floors and walks.
(2) Shower-valve arrangement capable of scalding (central automatic
mixing valve is best).
Leaking soap dispenser.
Abrupt changes in the slope of the pool floor or underwater steps.
Insufficient depth or area for diving.
Excessively high, shaky, slippery diving equipment.
No water-depth markings.
(8) Turbid (clouded) water (a body on the bottom at the deepest point
should be easily visible from the pool edge).
Pool drains, outlets, or other fixtures, which could hold a person under
(10) Electrical equipment capable of shocking (for example: underwater light
fixtures should be grounded).
(11) Water slides poorly located.
(12) Projecting or unguarded pipes.
(13) Improperly vented chlorinators.
(14) Use of glass bottles in the pool area.
c. Lifeguards. One lifeguard who holds an American Red Cross Senior
Lifesaving Certificate or equivalent should be on duty at all times when the pool is in
use. The lifeguard should be located in a position where the entire swimming area can
be observed. At least one guard for each 75 bathers is recommended. Pools with
unusual features or large areas require additional lifesaving personnel.
d. Lifeguard Equipment. Elevated lifeguard platforms or chairs should be
provided on the basis of one per 2,000 square feet of pool surface area. The items
named in (1) through (4) below should be provided on the basis of one for every 2,000
square feet of pool surface area: