and the water temperature for washbasins should not exceed 110F. No common
towels should be used.
d. Storage Area. There should be separate areas for storing cleaning
equipment and supplies. Hazardous supplies, such as caustic and poisonous solvents,
are to be stored in a place that is not accessible to children.
e. Electrical Devices. Electrical outlets should be covered or of the child-safe
type; electrical appliances and devices should be designed to be non-hazardous for
children. For example, children should not be able to insert their fingers into fans and
contact the blades.
f. Drinking Fountains. The school drinking fountains should be child-sized
when necessary and equipped with a mouth guard and angled jets. Drinking fountains
should be kept clean and be made of nonabsorbent material.
g. Heating and Ventilation. Rooms occupied by children should have
approved heating and ventilation systems and should maintain a comfortable
temperature range. There should be three changes of outdoor air per hour. Adequate
humidification in winter should also exist to prevent drying of mucous membranes and
the resulting respiratory irritations.
h. Outdoor Play Areas. Playgrounds should be large enough to accommodate
children without overcrowding and the risk of accidents. They should be located away
from traffic and should be enclosed. Playground equipment should be as safe as
possible, and designed to prevent accidents. Adult supervisors should be present when
children are on the playground.
i. Refuse Containers. Refuse containers should be located so that children
cannot reach them; they should be tightly covered and insect/rodent-proof.
j. Water Supply. The water supply should come from approved sources,
ideally a community water source. The water supply should generally conform to Army
regulations as stated in AR 40-5.
k. Food Service. Food services facilities should comply with the basic Army
Regulations (TB MED 530) for food processing and handling.
l. Reminder. Again, as with public use facilities and family housing, you should
base your observations and recommendations on common sense and objectivity. Use
the Army regulations for child-care centers as guidelines, and employ your general
knowledge of and experience in sanitation. Be sure that your judgments concern health
hazards to the children and do not merely reflect your opinion of what makes an
attractive, modern school.