b. Shower Facilities in Place of Bathhouses. Pools without bathhouses
should have outdoor showers at the pool entrance and exit. Bathers should be required
to shower before entering the pool area. Bathers frequently avoid showers, yet they are
WATER CLOSETS AND URINALS
a. Adequate toilet facilities at all pools should be provided separately for
male and female bathers. The maximum bather load should determine the total
number of fixtures required. There should be at least one water closet for each 20
women bathers and one water closet plus one urinal for each 40 men bathers.
b. In addition to the above fixtures, "wet toilets" should be provided for wet
bathers and should be located next to the shower rooms as follows: one "wet
toilet" for men consisting of one water closet and one urinal; and one "wet toilet"
for women consisting of one water closet for 100 bathers or less. For situations of
over 100 bathers, an additional water closet should be furnished for both the men
and women's "wet toilets." These facilities should be placed so that bathers using
them must pass through the shower before entering or re-entering the pool.
c. Toilet facilities for spectators and other nonbathers are also required.
d. Lavatories should be provided on the basis of one per 40 persons of each
e. Footbaths are prohibited. In past years, it was thought that footbath solutions
would destroy fungi causing athlete's foot. Now it is known that this practice only
spreads fungi from diseased to healthy feet.
f. Dressing, toilet, and shower rooms should have either natural or artificial
ventilation to prevent odors and to dry areas which have become wet because of
bathers. Indoor pools should be ventilated to prevent the accumulation of moisture
1-10. SPECTATOR AREA
When a spectator area is provided, it should be separated from the bathing area
and have its own entrance.
Part 2. Chemical Treatment of Swimming Pool Water.
In addition to checking the condition of pool equipment, buildings and
surroundings, the inspector must examine and understand basic swimming
pool chemical and disinfection procedures. Pool pH is discussed first as it
relates to most other aspects of pool chemistry. This is followed by a
discussion of chlorine which is used as a disinfectant in swimming pools.