d. Root Canal Files (FILE SET, PULP CANAL, DENTAL). Root canal files
(figure 4-18) are used to enlarge and smooth the walls of the root canal. They are
available in a set of 12 standard sizes with short handles (21 mm) and a set of 15 similar
sizes with long handles (25 mm). Root canal files are also available in a Hedstrom set of
six assorted sizes with long handles in a 25 mm end length. The various sizes of reamers
and files allow incremental cleaning and enlargement of the pulp canal.
Figure 4-18. Root canal files.
e. Root Canal Pluggers (PLUGGER, PULP CANAL). Root canal pluggers and
spreaders (figure 4-19) are used to pack root canal filling materials into the root canal.
Six different pluggers are available. Ladmore pluggers 1, 3, and 5 are different-sized
straight pluggers. Pluggers 7, 9, and 11 are different-sized contra-angle pluggers. Root
canal spreaders are not available as standard items of medical supply. Each individual
dental officer will use various pluggers and spreaders according to his individual
Figure 4-19. Root canal pluggers and spreaders.