3-26. MISCELLANEOUS DRUGS
a. Aromatic Ammonia Spirit. Aromatic ammonia spirit, usually administered
by inhalation, is a reflex stimulant. This stimulant is used in the dental clinic to
counteract a syncope (a brief loss of consciousness).
b. Formocresol. Formocresol is used in root canal therapy as a tissue fixative
and antibacterial agent between dental appointments. It is also used as a fixative in a
c. Tincture of Benzoin. Tincture of benzoin is sometimes used as a protective
and local soothing agent for lesions of the oral mucosa.
d. Vitamins. Vitamins are a small group of organic compounds that are
essential in small quantities to the health and maintenance of the body. Vitamin
supplements are sometimes indicated for a patient, although usually, in a normal diet,
the supply is adequate.
3-27. EMERGENCY KITS AND EMERGENCY AID
Although life-threatening emergencies in the dental clinic are rare, the dental
specialist should be prepared for such events by being alert and knowledgeable. He
should know exactly where to find the emergency kit that contains drugs and equipment
used in emergency situations. He should ensure in advance that the drugs and
equipment in the emergency kit are working properly. In addition, the dental specialist
should know from which medical sources to obtain emergency aid. The dental
specialist should ensure that he is competent and up-to-date in resuscitative procedures
such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). These procedures must be followed in
accordance with local SOP.
Section III. ADMINISTRATIVE CONSIDERATIONS
Drugs must be used with care. The indiscriminant use of any drug, including
aspirin, can be harmful. Guidelines and regulations must be followed for controlling and
3-29. CONTROL OF NARCOTIC ANALGESICS
Control of narcotic analgesics is accomplished by exercising precaution in
prescribing or administering these drugs. This, of course, is the responsibility of the
dental officer. Because of the records and reports involved in keeping narcotics, it is
more convenient for the dental officer to write a prescription for narcotic medications to
be filled by the pharmacy.