(2) Angioneurotic edema. This refers to a spontaneous swelling of the lips,
cheeks, eyelids, tongue, soft palate, pharynx, and glottis, frequently associated with
allergy to foods or drugs.
(3) Asthma. This refers to difficulty in breathing caused by spasmodic
contraction of the bronchi.
(4) Syncope. This refers to a transient loss of consciousness caused by
decreased blood supply to the brain (cerebral ischemia).
(5) Urticaria. Urticaria (hives) is a reaction pattern of the skin marked by
transient appearance of smooth, slightly elevated patches that are either more red or
pale than surrounding skin accompanied by severe itching.
c. Analgesia. Analgesia is the absence of sensitivity to pain, particularly the
relief of pain without the loss of consciousness.
d. Antidote. An antidote is a remedy that counteracts a poison.
e. Cartridge. A cartridge is an enclosed glass cylinder containing a local
anesthetic solution. Another word for cartridge is carpule.
f. Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease by chemical
reagents that have a specific and toxic effect upon the germs or cells that cause the
g. Sedation. Sedation is the production of a sedative effect, the act or process
of calming by using drugs such as nitrous oxide and trichloroethylene. The patient
remains conscious and retains protective reflexes. The patient experiences the
following: disassociation of environment, reduction of pain, and dulling of memory of
the treatment experience.
h. Idiosyncrasy. Idiosyncrasy is an abnormal response to a normal drug dose.
i. Parenteral. Parenteral refers to the administration of a drug by injection; for
example, by subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, or other non-gastrointestinal
route of administration.
j. Pharmacology. Pharmacology is the science that deals with the study of the
action of drugs on living systems.
k. Pharmacotherapeutics. This term refers to the study of the uses of drugs in
the treatment of disease.