Strange or confused behavior.
(10) Involuntary urination and defecation (loss of bladder or bowel control).
(11) Respiratory failure.
If you are not protected from the nerve agent, you must first put on your
protective mask and hood, and if needed, administer one set of nerve
agent antidote to yourself.
MASK THE CASUALTY
If the casualty is not wearing his protective mask, and is unable to mask
himself, then you must put the mask on him. Masking the casualty will keep him from
inhaling more nerve agent. The steps for masking the casualty are given below.
a. Approach the Casualty. If the person is moving or flailing about on the
ground, approach him from the area of his head and left shoulder. This will help to
protect you from accidental injury.
b. Position the Casualty. If the casualty is not lying on his back, roll the
casualty onto his back and position his head so that his face is up. Do this by
squatting next to the casualty, grasping his clothing at the shoulder and hip that is
farthest from you, and rolling him toward you in a single motion.
DO NOT KNEEL when administering aid in a chemical environment.
Pressing your knee against the contaminated ground may force the
chemical agent into or through the protective clothing.
c. Position Yourself. Squat near the casualty's head and face him.
d. Put the Protective Mask on the Casualty.
(1) Hold the mask by grasping it with your thumbs outside the left and right
cheek pouches and your fingers inside the left and right sides of the mask. When
opened, the lens will be facing you and the mask will be in the proper position to put
onto the casualty's head.
(2) Spread the mask open by pulling the sides apart. This will allow the
hood to fall forward.
Position the hood on the casualty's chin.
Insert your thumbs through the two bottom straps on the head harness.