TREAT BURNS OF THE EYE
As a medical specialist, you will probably treat a patient for burns to the eye. The
three major burns that can affect the eyes are chemical burns, radiant energy or
intensely bright light burns, and thermal burns. Correct initial emergency aid to a
patient's injured eye will help relieve the pain and will also help to prevent injury and
possible loss of vision.
EVALUATE AND REASSURE PATIENT
These tasks will be done before you begin treatment for burns of the eye.
a. Check for and treat life-threatening conditions.
Task #081-831-0019, "Clear an Upper Airway Obstruction."
Task #081-831-0048, "Perform Rescue Breathing."
Task #081-831-0046, "Administer External Chest Compressions."
The above tasks can be found in the Soldier's Training Publication for your
MOS or in FM 8-230, Medical Specialist.
b. Reassure the patient. When eyes are burned or injured, individuals are
easily frightened and fearful of losing their sight.
Tell patient that medical aid will be provided.
Do not try to cheer a patient with a cheerful prognosis, it could be wrong.
IDENTIFY CHEMICAL BURNS TO THE EYE
Chemical burns can cause severe injury to the eyes and thus require immediate
emergency treatment. These burns can irritate or eat into the tissues if they are not
flushed out immediately. Sources of chemical burns are acid, alkali, and petroleum.
You should be familiar with the following signs and symptoms:
b. Watering, tearing of the eye.
c. Chemicals tend to stick to the eye.