IDENTIFY SCORPION STINGS
Scorpions are usually found in warm climates, particularly the southwestern parts
of the US and in deserts. They prefer to hide under rocks or undergrowth
and are particularly active at night. If a soldier is in an area where scorpions are
present, he should check his shoes or boots in the morning for scorpions before putting
on the footwear. Although most scorpions found in the US only have stings
that are painful, the Bark scorpion (found in Arizona and surrounding states) has a sting
that can be fatal.
a. Physical Characteristics of Scorpions. Scorpions are easily recognized by
their crab-like appearance and long, segmented tail that ends in a sharp spine or stinger
(figure 2-3). A scorpion has two large, claw-like pincers. When it runs, the pincers are
held forward and the tail is commonly curved upward, but can also be held straight
behind the scorpion or curled to the side. Scorpions range from two to five inches in
length. The female may carry its young on its back.
Figure 2-3. Bark scorpion.
b. Signs and Symptoms of a Scorpion Sting.
(1) Severe pain and burning sensation at sting site. The symptoms last for
24 to 78 hours.
Local swelling and discoloration at the sting site.
(3) Sensitivity to touch and a tingling ("pins and needles") sensation or
numbness at the sting site.
Lack of swelling (usually) at the sting site.