d. Perform Handwash. Perform a patient care handwash.
e. Assemble Vacutainer and Needle.
(1) Remove Vacutainer needle from package as you did when you were
assembling a needle and syringe.
(2) Insert the short end of needle into the threaded end of the Vacutainer.
Screw it tightly using a clockwise motion.
f. Explain Procedure. Explain the procedure to the patient.
g. Expose Area for Venipuncture. Expose the selected area. Usually, the
inner elbow is used to obtain a specimen, although the forearm, wrist, or hand can be
used. See figure 2-2 for the location of some of the veins.
(1) Assist the patient to expose elbow area of arm by rolling the sleeve to
above the elbow (if applicable). In some instances, it may be necessary to have the
patient remove his garment.
Fully extend the patient's arm with the palm up.
Figure 2-2. Veins.