Figure 1-2. Disposable sitz bath
b. Cool Water Tub Bath. The cool water bath is given to relieve tension or
lower the body temperature. Care must be taken to prevent the patient from chilling.
The water temperature is tepid, not cold (98.6F (37C]).
c. Warm Water Tub Bath. The warm water bath is primarily to reduce muscle
tension. Recommended water temperature is 109.4F (43C).
d. Hot Water Tub Bath. The hot water tub bath is given to assist in relieving
muscle soreness and muscle spasm. The procedure is not recommended for children.
For adults, the water temperature should be 113 to 115F (45 to 46C).
ADMINISTERING A BED BATH/PARTIAL BATH
a. General. When a patient is either confined to bed, must conserve energy, or
is helpless, the medical specialist may give the entire bath; however, the patient should
do as much for himself as his conditions permit. All necessary equipment is provided
and the areas the patient cannot reach are bathed for him. Each bed patient should
have his back bathed and rubbed for him.
b. Important Points.
(1) Sometimes a complete bath is too exhausting for a patient. Therefore, a
partial bath may be given to include the face, hands, axilla (region under the arms),
genitalia, back, and buttocks.
(2) The patient's position during the bath is determined by his physical
conditions and his movement abilities. Unless contraindicated (undesirable or
prohibited), the bed is level and movement and position change is encouraged. The
specialist is encouraged to use good body mechanics and to request assistance when
necessary when moving and positioning a patient.