a. Avoidance of Direct Contact. Patients with a respiratory disease such as
tuberculosis must be diagnosed, isolated if necessary, and treated as soon as possible.
Additionally, these patients should learn and practice personal hygiene measures such
as covering the mouth when coughing or sneezing.
b. Person Hygiene. Personal hygiene is one of the most important respiratory
disease control measures. The approach is through the practice of simple health
habits. Covering the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing and washing the
hands should be routine practices. People infected should avoid contact with healthy
persons. Personal articles such as towels, drinking glasses, and toothbrushes are not
shared. Healthful exercise, fresh air, and sunshine should be encouraged.