Intravenous (IV) therapy.
Treatment for shock, if present.
Warm packs for thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein).
Anticoagulation medication such as heparin or Coumadin.
(8) Surgical ligation (tying or binding the vein) or embolectomy (surgical
removal of the blood clot).
5-12. PREVENTION OF VENOUS STASIS
Increased pressure on veins causes the veins to become abnormally dilated; this
condition is referred to as venous stasis. Such veins are most commonly seen in the
superficial veins of the legs. Elastic hose and leg exercises help prevent venous stasis.
In severe cases, amputation may be necessary.
Section IV. INHALED TOXIC SUBSTANCES
Inhaled toxic substances refer to combustion and chemical irritants that a person
breathes in, thus damaging parts of his body. Damage may be caused by such things
as a blast of hot, wet air (steam), or poisonous gas. The damage done to the body may
be obstruction due to edema in the airway and alveoli, a bronchospasm attack, or
chemical pulmonary edema.
5-14. TOXIC AGENTS (INHALANTS)
Gases that combine with water to form corrosive acids or alkali fumes that cause
burns to the upper respiratory tract are toxic agents. Other toxic agents include:
a. Ammonia and ammonium hydroxide.
c. Sulfur dioxide and sulfurous acid.
d. Decomposed chlorinated hydrocarbons.
e. Chlorine gas (found in swimming pools).