This method should be taught to a lay person. Teaching two-rescuer CPR to a
nonprofessional may only confuse him. One person alone can maintain sufficient
circulation and ventilation, but doing this procedure alone is very tiring.
(1) Determine that the casualty is unresponsive. Tap him on the shoulder,
the shoulder nearest you. Gently shake him, taking care not to cause more injury.
Shout, "Are you O.K.?" If the casualty does not respond, consider that he is
unconscious. See figure 1-11.
Call for help.
(3) Position the casualty, if necessary. Place the casualty on his back and
on a flat, firm surface. Turn the casualty's body as a unit being careful not to injure his
head or neck as you move him. When the casualty is on his back, put his arms by the
side of his body.
(4) Kneel at the casualty's shoulders so that rescue breathing and chest
compressions can be performed without the rescuer moving his own knees.
Open the airway using the head-lilt/chin-lift method (figure 1-12).
b. Breathing. Begin assessment by determining whether the casualty is
If the casualty is breathing, follow this procedure:
(a) Monitor the casualty's breathing.
(b) Keep the casualty's airway open.
Yell for help.