SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES, LESSON 5
Pathophysiology is the physiology of disordered function.
You are correct if you listed any four of the following:
Swelling of the brain.
Build-up of carbon dioxide.
Increased intracranial pressure (ICP).
(paras 5-3c(1) through (6))
Blood pressure rises.
Respiratory pattern is abnormal.
(paras 5-4b(1)(a) through (d))
Blood pressure decreases.
Pupils fixed at 3 to 5 mm.
Respiratory pattern fast. (paras 5-4b(2)(a) through (e))
Pupils fixed and dilated.
Respiratory rate erratic or absent.
Response to painful stimuli - no.
Pulse rapid and irregular.
Blood pressure decreased. (paras 5-4b(3)(a) through (g))
Anoxic brain injury is injury to the brain from lack of oxygen.
A scalp wound bleeds profusely because there are many blood vessels in
the scalp and some of these blood vessels are close to the surface. (para 5-6a)
Apply direct pressure.