Quantcast Incision/Laceration. - Wound Care

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
d. Incision/Laceration.
(1)  Description. An incision occurs as a result of a cut by a sharp
instrument. An example of an incision is a cut made with a scalpel during surgery. In
this type of wound, the wound edges are smooth. In a laceration, the tissues are torn
apart and remain jagged and irregular. A wound made by the cut of a saw will be a
laceration. Although the two types of wounds look and are different, treatment for both
is about the same.
(2)  Laceration classification. Lacerations can be further classified into four
categories: shear lacerations, tension lacerations, compression lacerations, and
combination lacerations.
(a) Shear lacerations are caused by sharp objects such as a knife,
blades, etc. Little damage is done to the tissues adjacent to the wound. This type of
laceration heals rapidly. There is minimal scarring due to the health of the tissues at the
edges of the wound.
(b) Tension lacerations are caused when the skin strikes a flat surface
and rips. The rip occurs because the impact causes stress on tissues. In this
laceration, there is no bone directly below the region of the skin that is struck. Tension
lacerations heal with more scarring because of bruising of soft tissue around the
laceration. Using his hands to break the fall, an individual falls on the palm(s) of his
hand(s). He sustains a ragged, linear laceration on the palm of his hand, a tension
laceration.
(c)  In compression lacerations, tissue is caught between the bone and
an external hard surface. Caught in such a manner, the skin bursts. These lacerations
heal with the greatest degree of scarring. The reason is that the skin next to the
laceration is injured. An individual walking along a sidewalk trips and falls. In the fall,
his forehead hits the pavement. He will likely have a compression laceration.
(d) Combination lacerations are as the name suggests, a combination
of different types of lacerations. Imagine this. A person hits a bony prominence against
a table. He sustains a linear laceration as in a shear injury. The wound edges,
however, are crushed as in a compression injury. The combination is shear laceration
and compression laceration.
(3)  Treatment. Be sure you have good lighting and that you use aseptic
technique. Irrigate and mechanically debride the wound. Then, use one of these three
types of closure: primary closure, secondary closure, or tertiary intent closure.
MD0576
1-11



Medical News
Number of takeaway outlets in deprived areas increases substantially over two decades
The number of takeaway food outlets has risen substantially over...
medicalxpress.com
Physicists shed light on mysterious tongue condition
Physicists from Israel have shed light on the intricate dynamics...
medicalxpress.com
Faulty modeling studies led to overstated predictions of Ebola outbreak
Frequently used approaches to understanding and forecasting emerging epidemics—including the...
medicalxpress.com
Grand Roundup: Top posts of March
The five most-read stories this month on Scope were: Stanford...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Paracetamol is ineffective for lower back pain
Paracetamol is not effective in the treatment of spinal pain...
medicalxpress.com
Experts question election pledges on GP access
As the general election in the UK approaches, experts writing...
medicalxpress.com
Governments can prevent tragic death toll of mothers and babies
Governments could substantially reduce the tragic death toll of infants...
medicalxpress.com
Task Force: No Support for Iron Boost in Pregnancy, Infants (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Another USPSTF finding of "insufficient evidence."...
medpagetoday.com
Study suggests acute injured kidneys can be considered for transplant
The shortage of kidneys needed for organ transplantation in the...
medicalxpress.com
Plan Could Drive ?Culture Change? in How Mental Illness Is Dxed, Treated
(MedPage Today) -- Researchers hope to prevent full-blown illnesses from...
medpagetoday.com
New recommendations for treating patients with high blood pressure and CVD
A new scientific statement issued jointly by three medical organizations...
medicalxpress.com
Surgeon, CT Discord Sways Ovarian Ca Outcome (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- When clinical opinion and radiologic findings differ,...
medpagetoday.com
Physician recommendations result in greater weight loss, research finds
Patients advised to lose weight by their physicians dropped more...
medicalxpress.com
Why drug names are so increasingly weird
Naming a brand drug is a lot harder than it...
medicalxpress.com
Complex procedure helps teen with rare congenital heart defect
People don’t usually associate teenagers with heart problems, but congenital...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
AAPM: Platelet-rich plasma offers short-term benefit
(HealthDay)—For patients with facet joint arthropathy, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has...
medicalxpress.com
MOC Watch: Rival to ABMS Gears Up
(MedPage Today) -- Meanwhile, ABIM seeks to rebut a critical...
medpagetoday.com
Androgen deprivation therapy has lasting impact on function
(HealthDay)—For patients with prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has...
medicalxpress.com
Video: What's the difference between sugar and high-fructose corn syrup?
It seems like it's in just about every product on...
medicalxpress.com
How newest class of drugs could save billions of dollars
Clad in white lab coats, blue gloves and safety goggles,...
medicalxpress.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +