Quantcast Incision/Laceration. - Wound Care

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
d. Incision/Laceration.
(1)  Description. An incision occurs as a result of a cut by a sharp
instrument. An example of an incision is a cut made with a scalpel during surgery. In
this type of wound, the wound edges are smooth. In a laceration, the tissues are torn
apart and remain jagged and irregular. A wound made by the cut of a saw will be a
laceration. Although the two types of wounds look and are different, treatment for both
is about the same.
(2)  Laceration classification. Lacerations can be further classified into four
categories: shear lacerations, tension lacerations, compression lacerations, and
combination lacerations.
(a) Shear lacerations are caused by sharp objects such as a knife,
blades, etc. Little damage is done to the tissues adjacent to the wound. This type of
laceration heals rapidly. There is minimal scarring due to the health of the tissues at the
edges of the wound.
(b) Tension lacerations are caused when the skin strikes a flat surface
and rips. The rip occurs because the impact causes stress on tissues. In this
laceration, there is no bone directly below the region of the skin that is struck. Tension
lacerations heal with more scarring because of bruising of soft tissue around the
laceration. Using his hands to break the fall, an individual falls on the palm(s) of his
hand(s). He sustains a ragged, linear laceration on the palm of his hand, a tension
laceration.
(c)  In compression lacerations, tissue is caught between the bone and
an external hard surface. Caught in such a manner, the skin bursts. These lacerations
heal with the greatest degree of scarring. The reason is that the skin next to the
laceration is injured. An individual walking along a sidewalk trips and falls. In the fall,
his forehead hits the pavement. He will likely have a compression laceration.
(d) Combination lacerations are as the name suggests, a combination
of different types of lacerations. Imagine this. A person hits a bony prominence against
a table. He sustains a linear laceration as in a shear injury. The wound edges,
however, are crushed as in a compression injury. The combination is shear laceration
and compression laceration.
(3)  Treatment. Be sure you have good lighting and that you use aseptic
technique. Irrigate and mechanically debride the wound. Then, use one of these three
types of closure: primary closure, secondary closure, or tertiary intent closure.
MD0576
1-11



Medical News
Tips offered to docs, spouses for maintaining happy marriage
(HealthDay)—Simple tips can help physicians and their spouses maintain marital...
medicalxpress.com
Risks ID'd for referral-warranted retinopathy of prematurity
(HealthDay)—Predictors have been identified for referral-warranted (RW)-retinopathy of prematurity (ROP),...
medicalxpress.com
SLNB doesn't up survival in melanoma arising in head, neck
(HealthDay)—For patients with melanoma arising in head and neck subsites...
medicalxpress.com
The Week Ahead: Diabetes Drugs, Musical Medicos
(MedPage Today) -- What do we really know about drug...
medpagetoday.com
Evidence plays limited role in OTC decision making
(HealthDay)—For pharmacy graduates and tutors, evidence seems to play a...
medicalxpress.com
Shared medical appointments beneficial in geriatric care
(HealthDay)—For older patients, a shared medical appointment (SMA) program facilitates...
medicalxpress.com
Synovitis Is Precursor of Radiographic Knee OA
(MedPage Today) -- Study finds inflammation plays early role in...
medpagetoday.com
Side Effects Strike Third of Arthritic Kids on Biologics
(MedPage Today) -- Anti-TNF agents a concern in juvenile idiopathic...
medpagetoday.com
Restrictions lifted at British bird flu farm
Britain on Sunday lifted all restrictions at a duck farm...
medicalxpress.com
Sierra Leone urges safe burials to stem Ebola
The radio announcement is chilling and blunt: "If I die,...
medicalxpress.com
Training Location Key to Medicare Billing Practices (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- As the resident is trained, so the...
medpagetoday.com
First successful vaccination against 'mad cow'-like wasting disease in deer
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere say that...
medicalxpress.com
The Slippery Slope: A Bittersweet Diabetes Economy
(MedPage Today) -- From 2004 to 2013, none of the...
medpagetoday.com
The Slippery Slope: A Bittersweet Diabetes Economy
(MedPage Today) -- From 2004 to 2013, none of the...
medpagetoday.com
Certolizumab Improves Productivity in RAPID-PsA Patients
(MedPage Today) -- Patients reported an increased quality of life...
medpagetoday.com
PodMed: A Medical News Roundup From Johns Hopkins (with audio)
(MedPage Today) -- This weeks topics include the Darwin awards...
medpagetoday.com
Recorded Ebola deaths top 7,000
The worst Ebola outbreak on record has now killed more...
medicalxpress.com
D.C. Week: New SG Confirmed, Demand Heavy for Exchange Plans
(MedPage Today) -- Lame duck Senate approves Vivek Murthy as...
medpagetoday.com
New Dominican law OKs abortion if life at risk
The Dominican Republic on Friday approved a law that for...
medicalxpress.com
Liberia holds Senate vote amid Ebola fears
Health workers manned polling stations across Liberia on Saturday as...
medicalxpress.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +