(3) Administer humidified oxygen (100%) to minimize damage by the
(4) If the patient is alert and has adequate blood pressure, place him in an
upright position. In this position, gravity helps reduce fluid retention in his tissues, and
he can breathe easier.
Mouth to mouth or mouth to mask ventilation may be required.
If there is respiratory distress, insert an airway.
Remove any clothing that may restrict his chest movement or breathing.
Evacuate the patient to a medical treatment facility.
The body damage caused by radiation depends on the following six factors:
a. The amount and type of shielding the person used.
b. The strength of the radiation source.
c. The distance the person was from the radiation source.
d. The type of radiation.
e. How long the patient was exposed.
f. How much of his body was exposed.
For more information on radiation burns, see MD0587, Immunizations and