Prerenal failure is caused by diminished blood flow to the kidneys.
Intrinsic (parenchymal) renal failure is caused by damage to the kidneys
themselves, the damage usually resulting from acute tubular necrosis.
Postrenal failure is caused by obstruction of urinary flow bilaterally.
(para 3-9a(1) - (3))
Maintain the patient's normal body fluid volume and electrolyte balance.
Reduce the breakdown of tissue in the patient's body.
Try to prevent infection until healing occurs. (para 3-10c)
Blood in the urine.
Dull pain in the kidney region.
(para 3 - 11)
Multiple, bilateral, grapelike clusters of cysts filled with fluid grow in the kidneys.
You are correct if you listed any three of the following:
Chills, fever, and frequent urination are common.
Stab of pain followed by instant relief. (para 3-13b(1) - (5))
Dialysis removes waste products from the patient's bloodstream and restores the
patient's electrolyte balance. Basically, dialysis cleanses the patient's blood.
(para 3-14b(1), (2))
Inflammation of the bladder that is ten times as frequent in women as in men.