u. Episiotomy -- incision through perineum, enlarging the vaginal outlet.
v. Engagement -- refers to the entrance of the presenting part into the pelvis.
w. Fetus -- developing baby; the developing offspring in the uterus from the
second month of pregnancy to birth.
x. Multigravida -- a woman who has been pregnant two or more times.
y. Perineum -- area between the vaginal opening and the anus.
z. Placenta (also called afterbirth) -- a special organ of pregnancy which
nourishes the fetus. It is expelled following the birth of the baby.
aa. Placenta abruptio -- premature separation of the placenta from the uterine
wall, this separation resulting in bleeding from the separation site.
bb. Placenta previa -- placenta that is implanted in the lower uterine segment,
possibly totally or partially covering the opening of the cervix.
cc. Prenatal -- refers to the period of time prior to the birth of the baby.
dd. Presenting part (also called presentation) -- the part of the baby that will
ee. Primigravida -- a woman having her first pregnancy.
ff. Primipara -- a woman who has produced one infant of 500 grams or 20
weeks gestation, regardless of whether the infant delivered dead or alive.
gg. Prolapsed cord -- the umbilical cord appears in the vaginal orifice before the
head of the infant.
hh. Puerperium -- the time period following the delivery until about six weeks.
ii. Quickening -- feeling of life within the uterus. This is usually noticed during
the 16th to the 19th week of gestation.
ROM -- rupture of membranes.