Quantcast History of Child Abuse - Obstetrics Pediatrics

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
b. History of Child Abuse. Child abuse is a problem that is centuries old. This
problem is not just characteristic of the twentieth century. As early as 1884, Great
Britain founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in an effort
to protect children from cruel treatment. Similar societies were founded in other
countries. The first state in the United States to legislate protection for children was
New York with a law protecting children passed in the late 1800s. Through the years,
other states passed such laws. In the early 1960s, child abuse was identified as an
observable, clinical condition which could be a serious threat to a child's life. Child
abuse was given the medical name battered child syndrome. Today, the term most
commonly used is child abuse. In 1962, the federal Children's Bureau prepared a law
detailing how to report child abuse. By 1970, all 50 states, the District of Columbia,
Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands had their own laws for reporting child abuse. In
1974, Congress established the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.
Gradually the problem has been identified and legislation enacted for dealing with child
abuse. Today, there are resources available for children and families who need help.
The task now is to work on the problem of preventing child abuse.
4-2.
DEFINITIONS
A problem in reporting and studying child abuse is that there are many definitions
of terms rather than standardization of terms. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and
Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as "the physical or mental injury, sexual
abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of
eighteen, by a person who is responsible for the child's welfare, under circumstances
which indicate that the child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby." A
general working definition for child abuse might be this. Child abuse is a nonaccidental
injury or pattern of injuries to a child, injuries for which there is no reasonable
explanation. The word "injuries" includes nonaccidental physical injury, neglect,
emotional abuse, and sexual molestation. These definitions will be helpful in
understanding the problem of child abuse.
NOTE:
Parents are the most frequent child abusers. Other caretakers (such as the
parent's friends, relatives, and day care workers) may also be child abusers.
a. Physical Abuse. Physical abuse includes severe beating, burning, shaking,
human biting, and strangulation.
b. Neglect. Neglect refers to failure to provide a child with the basic necessities
of life such as food, clothing, shelter, and medical care.
c. Emotional Abuse. Emotional abuse includes excessive, aggressive, or other
parental behavior that places unreasonable demands on a child to perform more than
he is capable of doing. Examples of such abuse include belittling or verbal attacks; lack
of love, support, or guidance; constant, excessive teaching.
MD0584
4-3



Medical News
'Stem cell' test could identify most aggressive breast cancers
Testing breast cancer cells for how closely they resemble stem...
medicalxpress.com
Agreement on best estimates of breast cancer overdiagnosis urgently needed to inform women
In 2012, prompted by increasing debate about overdiagnosis, an independent...
medicalxpress.com
Study shows who benefits most from statins
New research suggests that widely used statin therapy provides the...
medicalxpress.com
How much overdetection is acceptable in cancer screening?
People have highly variable views on how much overdetection is...
medicalxpress.com
Aneurysm screening should be revisited, say experts
Aneurysm screening for men over 65 should be revisited as...
medicalxpress.com
Exploring the costs and deaths associated with workplace stress
Many of us know that a stressful job or work...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
SCOTUS and Obamacare: The 'What If' Discussion
(MedPage Today) -- HHS says it may be time to...
medpagetoday.com
Neuroscientists identify new way several brain areas communicate
Carnegie Mellon University neuroscientists have identified a new pathway by...
medicalxpress.com
King v. Burwell, Part 2
(MedPage Today) -- What did Obamacare's drafters intend for the...
medpagetoday.com
Celebrating 25 years of biomedical innovation at Stanford’s Beckman Center
“Innovation in the Biosphere,” a recent symposium organized to celebrate...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
US health officials perplexed by vaccination skeptics
Public health officials in the U.S. are exasperated by their...
medicalxpress.com
New pot users in Spain outnumber new tobacco users: study
The number of Spaniards who said they started using cannabis...
medicalxpress.com
New drugs pose serious health risks says UN body
The proliferation of new narcotics developed to circumvent existing drug...
medicalxpress.com
New compound protects 100 percent of ferrets, mice, from H5N1
Since 2003, the H5N1 influenza virus, more commonly known as...
medicalxpress.com
Newly discovered hormone mimics the effects of exercise
Scientists at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology have...
medicalxpress.com
Friends may make the difference in keeping children active
Children being physically active with a friend may accomplish more...
medicalxpress.com
Identifying the war-afflicted teenagers most in need of mental health care
A new study finds widespread post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and...
medicalxpress.com
HHS Shifts Money From Cancer, Global Health to Pay for Health Insurance Exchange
(MedPage Today) -- More "issues" for the federal exchanges...
medpagetoday.com
Climate change affects human health, ATS membership survey shows
The American Thoracic Society has published the results of a...
medicalxpress.com
Bruce Jenner's Gender: Neurology Times and Psychiatric Times Report
(MedPage Today) -- One patient, multiple docs, multiple interpretations....
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +