Quantcast History of Child Abuse - Obstetrics Pediatrics

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
b. History of Child Abuse. Child abuse is a problem that is centuries old. This
problem is not just characteristic of the twentieth century. As early as 1884, Great
Britain founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in an effort
to protect children from cruel treatment. Similar societies were founded in other
countries. The first state in the United States to legislate protection for children was
New York with a law protecting children passed in the late 1800s. Through the years,
other states passed such laws. In the early 1960s, child abuse was identified as an
observable, clinical condition which could be a serious threat to a child's life. Child
abuse was given the medical name battered child syndrome. Today, the term most
commonly used is child abuse. In 1962, the federal Children's Bureau prepared a law
detailing how to report child abuse. By 1970, all 50 states, the District of Columbia,
Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands had their own laws for reporting child abuse. In
1974, Congress established the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.
Gradually the problem has been identified and legislation enacted for dealing with child
abuse. Today, there are resources available for children and families who need help.
The task now is to work on the problem of preventing child abuse.
4-2.
DEFINITIONS
A problem in reporting and studying child abuse is that there are many definitions
of terms rather than standardization of terms. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and
Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as "the physical or mental injury, sexual
abuse or exploitation, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of
eighteen, by a person who is responsible for the child's welfare, under circumstances
which indicate that the child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby." A
general working definition for child abuse might be this. Child abuse is a nonaccidental
injury or pattern of injuries to a child, injuries for which there is no reasonable
explanation. The word "injuries" includes nonaccidental physical injury, neglect,
emotional abuse, and sexual molestation. These definitions will be helpful in
understanding the problem of child abuse.
NOTE:
Parents are the most frequent child abusers. Other caretakers (such as the
parent's friends, relatives, and day care workers) may also be child abusers.
a. Physical Abuse. Physical abuse includes severe beating, burning, shaking,
human biting, and strangulation.
b. Neglect. Neglect refers to failure to provide a child with the basic necessities
of life such as food, clothing, shelter, and medical care.
c. Emotional Abuse. Emotional abuse includes excessive, aggressive, or other
parental behavior that places unreasonable demands on a child to perform more than
he is capable of doing. Examples of such abuse include belittling or verbal attacks; lack
of love, support, or guidance; constant, excessive teaching.
MD0584
4-3



Medical News
CardioBuzz: Is India Ready for Big Data?
(MedPage Today) -- ACC quality improvement registry program feasible there,...
medpagetoday.com
Sildenafil May Help Heal Scleroderma Ulcers (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- The primary study endpoint was not met,...
medpagetoday.com
Internal Medicine/ACP Serve as Medicine's Conscience
(MedPage Today) -- The ACP's Bob Doherty speaks about the...
medpagetoday.com
Nepal Slideshow: Heliclinics in the Hills
(MedPage Today) -- Presentation depicts aid workers from Doctors Without...
medpagetoday.com
Docs 'Missing the Mark' on Shared Medical Decisions
(MedPage Today) -- Nearly 90% of patients prefer to make...
medpagetoday.com
MSF fighting cholera outbreak in Tanzania refugee camps
Medical charity Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF, Doctors Without Borders) said...
medicalxpress.com
New survey shows 36-percent increase in pediatric patients treated with proton therapy
Results from a new nationwide survey announced today indicate a...
medicalxpress.com
Cognitive impairment predicts worse outcome in heart failure
Cognitive impairment predicts worse outcome in elderly heart failure patients,...
medicalxpress.com
5 Things Atul Gawande Learned on Returning to McAllen, Texas
(MedPage Today) -- The writer for the New Yorker was...
medpagetoday.com
PodMed: A Medical News Roundup From Johns Hopkins (with audio)
(MedPage Today) -- This week's topics include chest pain in...
medpagetoday.com
D.C. Week: House Committee Advances 21st Century Cures Bill
(MedPage Today) -- House Committee approves bill to speed drug...
medpagetoday.com
Video Games and Alzheimer's: That's Improbable!
(MedPage Today) -- How to think about poo, the health...
medpagetoday.com
Bacteria blamed in indigenous Mexican baby deaths
Bacteria—and not a contaminated vaccine as initially suspected—were to blame...
medicalxpress.com
Report: German woman, 65, gives birth to quadruplets
German media report that a 65-year-old teacher from Berlin has...
medicalxpress.com
Depression associated with five-fold increased mortality risk in heart failure patients
Moderate to severe depression is associated with a 5-fold increased...
medicalxpress.com
Good Stress, How Old Is Your Job: Healthcare Career Insights
(MedPage Today) -- Must-reads about the latest news and trends...
medpagetoday.com
Renal Denervation: Back to Square One
(MedPage Today) -- Before retrying phase III, studies will have...
medpagetoday.com
At Big Data in Biomedicine, Stanford’s Lloyd Minor focuses on precision health
In the next decade, Stanford Medicine will lead the biomedical...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Many Parts to Solving Opioid Addiction Problem, Congress Told
(MedPage Today) -- Better interstate data exchange needed, according to...
medpagetoday.com
Cohen's Brain Bits: Your Brain on Nuts
(MedPage Today) -- New studies show the impact of diet...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +