SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES, LESSON 4
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis can be caused by infectious agents that include certain viruses, bacteria,
other infectants, toxic agents, and an excessive use of alcohol. (para 4-1)
How easily can hepatitis be transmitted from one person to another?
What is the morbidity rate for this disease?
What loss of man-hours can be expected because of hepatitis? (para 4-3)
In the fall and early winter.
Type B. Type A.
The virulence of the virus is a prime factor. The stronger the virus, the stronger
the disease. Where the patient had sustained liver damage before exposure to
the virus. (para 4-7)
Preicteric and icteric.
(para 4-7a, b)
Preicteric: Characterized by headache, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, chills,
fever, aches and pains, malaise, and tender liver.
Icteric: Jaundice appears and stays approximately 2 weeks; temperature returns
to normal, but anorexia and nausea remain; dark urine and grayish stools, liver
remains tender and may be enlarged. (para 4-7a, b)
Relapse, prolonged viral hepatitis, cholestasis hepatitis, submassive necrosis or
fulminant hepatitis. (para 4-8)
Pay attention to good oral hygiene, skin care, and elimination.
Encourage fluids by mouth if nausea is not a problem.
Entice the patient to eat.
When the appetite has returned to normal, provide a diet high in calories, proteins,
and moderate carbohydrates. (para 4-9)