Quantcast Antacid Preparations - Pharmacology IV

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
(3)  Speed of action. It is desirable that an antacid product act quickly once
it has been ingested.
(4)
Acid rebound.
(5)
Drug interactions.
(6)
Other side effects specific to individual agents.
2-3.
ANTACID PREPARATIONS
a. Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3). Sodium bicarbonate is used as a gastric
antacid, urinary alkalizing agent, and an agent used to counteract the lowering of the pH
of the blood in heart failure (raising the pH of the blood during heart failure increases the
pharmacological effectiveness of epinephrine). The usual dosage of sodium
bicarbonate is 0.3 to 2 grams as needed. Side effects associated with this agent
include systemic alkalization (raising the pH of the blood) and acid rebound. The
patient receiving sodium bicarbonate for antacid purposes should be told that it should
not be used frequently and that it should not be used for prolonged periods. Sodium
bicarbonate is available in tablets of various strengths and in powder form.
b. Calcium Carbonate and Glycine (Titralac). Titralac is used as a gastric
antacid. The usual dosage of this product is from one to four tablets or from one to four
teaspoonsful four times daily. Side effects associated with this product include acid
rebound and systemic alkalization. The patient receiving this product should be
cautioned not to use it for prolonged periods. Persons receiving the tablets should be
told to chew them thoroughly before swallowing them. Patients receiving the
suspension should be told to shake the preparation well before taking the medication.
Titralac is available in both suspension form (1 gram calcium carbonate and 300
milligrams of glycine per 5 milliliters) and tablet form (300 milligram tablets and 600
milligram tablets).
c. Magnesium Hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia). Magnesium hydroxide is used
both as an antacid and as a cathartic (laxative). The antacid dose of milk of magnesia
(MOM) is one to two teaspoonsful as needed. The cathartic dose of MOM for adults is
one to two tablespoonsful taken with one or more glasses of water. Patients taking this
product should be cautioned that they can obtain the laxative effect if they take too large
a dose or if they take the antacid dose too often. A side effect associated with MOM is
diarrhea. Patients who receive MOM in suspension form should be told to shake the
suspension thoroughly, while patients taking the tablet form of the product should be
cautioned to chew the tablets thoroughly.
MD0807
2-3



Medical News
School scoliosis screening has sustained effectiveness
(HealthDay)—School scoliosis screening can have sustained clinical effectiveness in identifying...
medicalxpress.com
Beloranib safe, efficacious for weight loss in obesity
(HealthDay)—Beloranib seems efficacious and safe for weight loss in obese...
medicalxpress.com
AMA: avoiding distress in medical school
(HealthDay)—Understanding the key drivers underlying medical students' distress can help...
medicalxpress.com
Lean six sigma approach ups quality of hip replacement Sx
(HealthDay)—The Lean Six Sigma approach can be implemented to improve...
medicalxpress.com
Raw tuna suspected as source of salmonella outbreak: CDC
(HealthDay)—Raw tuna is suspected as the source of a salmonella...
medicalxpress.com
New study finds that proton therapy has fewer side effects in esophageal cancer patients
New research by scientists at the University of Maryland School...
medicalxpress.com
At Big Data in Biomedicine, Nobel laureate Michael Levitt and others talk computing and crowdsourcing
Nobel laureate Michael Levitt, PhD, has been using big data...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Tobacco firms get partial win over claims on smoking effects
A federal appeals court says America's largest tobacco companies must...
medicalxpress.com
300-400 new cholera cases per day among Burundians in Tanzania: UN
Some 3,000 cases of cholera have been reported in Tanzania,...
medicalxpress.com
Make the Diagnosis: Nose bleeds, hypoxemia, and polycythemia equals?
(MedPage Today) -- Case Study: A 45 year-old woman initially...
medpagetoday.com
Human stem cell model reveals molecular cues critical to neurovascular unit formation
Crucial bodily functions we depend on but don't consciously think...
medicalxpress.com
Cutting edge research and collegiality the focus of EuroPCR 2015
Technique, talk, and talent were three buzzwords at the 2015...
medicalxpress.com
Explainer: What is Chagas disease?
According to an article in the Journal of the American...
medicalxpress.com
Driving eligibility guidelines post-injury steered in new direction
Getting back behind the wheel after a mild traumatic brain...
medicalxpress.com
Vortex device makes for better cancer treatments
A South Australian invention, responsible for unboiling an egg, has...
medicalxpress.com
Breastfeeding protects against environmental pollution
Living in a city with a high level of vehicle...
medicalxpress.com
Update on gene editing of human embryos–and other organisms
The National Academy of Sciences has confirmed officially that yes,...
medicalxpress.com
Reconstruction and vaccine-preventable enteric diseases following Nepal earthquakes
In the wake of the recent devastating earthquakes, PLOS Medicine...
medicalxpress.com
Microfluidic cell-squeezing device opens new possibilities for cell-based vaccines
MIT researchers have shown that they can use a microfluidic...
medicalxpress.com
Morning Break: Secret to Success? Stop Smoking; Undoing Science's Biggest Fraud
(MedPage Today) -- Health news and commentary from around the...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +