Quantcast Antacid Preparations - Pharmacology IV

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
(3)  Speed of action. It is desirable that an antacid product act quickly once
it has been ingested.
(4)
Acid rebound.
(5)
Drug interactions.
(6)
Other side effects specific to individual agents.
2-3.
ANTACID PREPARATIONS
a. Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3). Sodium bicarbonate is used as a gastric
antacid, urinary alkalizing agent, and an agent used to counteract the lowering of the pH
of the blood in heart failure (raising the pH of the blood during heart failure increases the
pharmacological effectiveness of epinephrine). The usual dosage of sodium
bicarbonate is 0.3 to 2 grams as needed. Side effects associated with this agent
include systemic alkalization (raising the pH of the blood) and acid rebound. The
patient receiving sodium bicarbonate for antacid purposes should be told that it should
not be used frequently and that it should not be used for prolonged periods. Sodium
bicarbonate is available in tablets of various strengths and in powder form.
b. Calcium Carbonate and Glycine (Titralac). Titralac is used as a gastric
antacid. The usual dosage of this product is from one to four tablets or from one to four
teaspoonsful four times daily. Side effects associated with this product include acid
rebound and systemic alkalization. The patient receiving this product should be
cautioned not to use it for prolonged periods. Persons receiving the tablets should be
told to chew them thoroughly before swallowing them. Patients receiving the
suspension should be told to shake the preparation well before taking the medication.
Titralac is available in both suspension form (1 gram calcium carbonate and 300
milligrams of glycine per 5 milliliters) and tablet form (300 milligram tablets and 600
milligram tablets).
c. Magnesium Hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia). Magnesium hydroxide is used
both as an antacid and as a cathartic (laxative). The antacid dose of milk of magnesia
(MOM) is one to two teaspoonsful as needed. The cathartic dose of MOM for adults is
one to two tablespoonsful taken with one or more glasses of water. Patients taking this
product should be cautioned that they can obtain the laxative effect if they take too large
a dose or if they take the antacid dose too often. A side effect associated with MOM is
diarrhea. Patients who receive MOM in suspension form should be told to shake the
suspension thoroughly, while patients taking the tablet form of the product should be
cautioned to chew the tablets thoroughly.
MD0807
2-3



Medical News
Fat, Lean Mass Grows With Raltegravir and Protease Inhibitors (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Unclear if gains are an adverse effect...
medpagetoday.com
PodMed: A Medical News Roundup From Johns Hopkins (with audio)
(MedPage Today) -- This week's topics include peanuts and allergy,...
medpagetoday.com
Combos Cure HCV in Almost All With HIV Co-infection (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Just 12 weeks of treatment eliminated hepatitis...
medpagetoday.com
Grand Roundup: Top posts of February
The five most-read stories this month on Scope were: Sticky...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
D.C. Week: Meaningful Use Deadlines Eased, SCOTUS Rules in Antitrust Case
(MedPage Today) -- March 20 is the new deadline for...
medpagetoday.com
HCV Drugs Costly but Cure Might Not Be (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Analysis suggests controversial drugs give a better...
medpagetoday.com
Incarcerated Male Organ? That's Improbable!
(MedPage Today) -- The tale of 17 hours of being...
medpagetoday.com
Salmonella and Campylobacter show significant levels of resistance to common antimicrobials in humans and animals
Treatment options for some of the most common food-borne infections...
medicalxpress.com
Finding psychological insights through social media
Social media has opened up a new digital world for...
medicalxpress.com
Can money buy happiness?: The relationship between money and well-being
Researchers are investigating new directions in the science of spending....
medicalxpress.com
Native American tribes converge to discuss pot legalization
(AP)—Tribal representatives from around the country are converging in Washington...
medicalxpress.com
Personality and place: New insights on person-environment links
Psychological traits, such as personality and well-being, are spatially and...
medicalxpress.com
Enhancing studies on a possible blood biomarker for traumatic brain injury
New technology being introduced at NYU Langone Medical Center could...
medicalxpress.com
Intimate partners with low self-esteem stay in unhappy relationships
People with low self-esteem are more likely stay in unhappy...
medicalxpress.com
Commuter with measles also dined at Bay Area restaurant
(AP)—Officials say the commuter who may have exposed at least...
medicalxpress.com
New compounds protect nervous system from the structural damage of MS
A newly characterized group of pharmacological compounds block both the...
medicalxpress.com
Hospitals participating in ACS NSQIP significantly improve surgical outcomes over time
The majority of hospitals participating in the American College of...
medicalxpress.com
For patients with brain tumors, insurance status linked to differences in patient safety and quality of care
Patients that are on Medicaid or uninsured have higher rates...
medicalxpress.com
Crohn's disease not exempt from racial disparities
A study published recently in the IBD Journal found significant...
medicalxpress.com
ADT Plus Docetaxel for Prostate Ca: Home Run or Foul Ball?
(MedPage Today) -- No survival benefit seen with androgen deprivation/chemotherapy...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +