v. Suspension. A suspension is a two-phase system consisting of a finely
divided solid dispersed in a solid, liquid, or gas.
w. Syrup. Syrup is a concentrated aqueous solution of a sugar.
x. Tablet. A tablet is a solid medicated dosage form with or without suitable
y. Tincture. A tincture is an alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solution prepared from
vegetable or chemical materials, usually a10 percent weight/volume (w/v) solution.
REFERENCES USED IN COMPOUNDING/MANUFACTURING
As previously stated, this subcourse should not be used as an authoritative
source of compounding information. It is designed to provide you with a basic
background in pharmaceutical compounding. The following sources of information can
be used to obtain information useful in compounding and manufacturing:
a. Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences. This text is published by the Mack
Publishing Company. The reference deals with the theory and practice of the art of
pharmacy. Remington's contains useful information on the many dosage forms of
medications present in the pharmacy. Moreover, Remington's contains specific
information on the compounding of commonly used pharmaceutical products.
b. The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and The National Formulary
(NF). These references contain specific standards and tests for the strength, purity,
quality, packaging, and labeling of drugs in the United States. These references are
now published together under one cover. The texts are revised every five years.
Supplements to the main texts are supplied.
c. Pharmaceutical Calculations. This text was written by Mitchell J. Stoklosa.
If you frequently review calculations, you will maintain your ability to perform various
types of calculations required in pharmaceutical compounding.
BASIC EQUIPMENT USED IN COMPOUNDING PRESCRIPTIONS
a. Certain equipment is used whenever a prescription is compounded. You
must wisely select the equipment that is available to you. See figure 1-1, which shows
some equipment found in most hospital pharmacies.
b. Take care to use the equipment wisely. Unwise use of the equipment may
produce a product that can be useless or even harmful to the patient. Moreover, unwise
use of equipment can lead to equipment damage.