A fraction is less than a whole amount. A whole number may be divided into one

or more equal parts. It is expressed by two numbers separated by a line.

2, 3, 3, 5, 6.

The parts of a fraction are the numerator, or upper number, and the denominator,

or bottom number.

3,

the "3" is the denominator.

a. A proper fraction has a numerator that is smaller than the denominator.

4

numerator, "1" is smaller than the denominator. "4."

Other examples are: 1 3 and 7

2, 4,

8.

b. An improper fraction has a numerator that is larger than the denominator or

equal to the denominator.

3

the numerator "4" is larger than the denominator "3."

Other examples are 9 5 and 3

2, 3,

3.

c.

A mixed number is made up of a whole number and a fraction.

4

number "2" and a fraction "3/4".

Other examples are: 3 1 , 1 1, and 4 1/8.

4 3

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