Quantcast Describing the Pulse - Nursing Fundamentals II

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
average rate than men. The pulse of an infant ranges from 120 to 140 beats per minute.
Rates for children vary according to the size and the age of the child.
c. Activity affects the pulse rate. Exercise or heavy physical work cause the heart
to beat faster and the pulse rate to increase. Excitement, anger, and fear increase the
rate. Some drugs, such as caffeine, may also increase the pulse rate. If the patient has a
fever, the pulse rate increases in proportion to the body's temperature: the pulse rate goes
up about 10 beats for every 1F (0.56C). These conditions cause a temporary increase in
the heartbeat and pulse rate. The heartbeat and pulse rate that is consistently above
normal may be a sign of heart disease, heart failure, hemorrhage, an overactive thyroid
gland, or some other serious disturbance. The term for an abnormally rapid heartbeat is
tachycardia. When the heartbeat is continuously slow, below 60 per minute, the condition
is called bradycardia.
4-13. DESCRIBING THE PULSE
a. Pulse rate describes how often the heart beats.
b. Pulse volume describes the force with which the heart beats. The volume of
the pulse varies with the volume of blood in the arteries, the strength of the heart
contractions, and the elasticity of the blood vessels. A normal pulse can be felt with
moderate pressure of the finger. When every beat is easily felt, the pulse is described as
strong. When greater pressure exerted by the finger cannot blot out the pulse, it is called
full or bounding. A pulse with little force is described as weak or thready.
c. Pulse rhythm is the spacing of the heartbeats. When the intervals between
the beats are the same, the pulse is described as normal or regular. When the pulse
skips a beat occasionally, it is described as intermittent or irregular. A pulse may be
regular in rhythm but irregular in force, with every other beat being weak. To obtain an
accurate assessment of the heart rate, the pulse is counted by listening directly to the
heart (apical pulse).
4-14. FACTORS, WHICH AFFECT THE PULSE RATE
The pulse rate is an indicator of how fast the heart beats. The pulse rate is affected
by several factors.
a. Age. A normal pulse for infants range from 90 to 170 and the rate gradually
decreases up to age 14 when it is equal to the normal adult pulse rate of 60 to 100.
b. Body Build and Size. A short, fat person may have a higher rate than a tall,
slender person.
c. Blood Pressure. As the blood pressure decreases, the pulse will frequently
increase.
MD0906
4-11



Medical News
Residency training predicts physicians' ability to practice conservatively
Doctors trained in locations with less intensive (and expensive) practice...
medicalxpress.com
Experiences make you happier than possessions—before and after
To get the most enjoyment out of our dollar, science...
medicalxpress.com
'Prepped' by tumor cells, lymphatic cells encourage breast cancer cells to spread
Breast cancer cells can lay the groundwork for their own...
medicalxpress.com
Breast cancer patients with bilateral mastectomy don't have better survival rates
Breast cancer patients treated with lumpectomy followed by radiation therapy...
medicalxpress.com
An hour of moderate exercise a day may decrease heart failure risk
In a new study reported in the American Heart Association...
medicalxpress.com
Taxes and subsidies could encourage healthier diet and lower healthcare costs
In a Viewpoint published today in the Journal of the...
medicalxpress.com
Any diet works, if you stick to it, study finds
Branded or trademarked diets have similar levels of effectiveness; the...
medicalxpress.com
UN implores all countries to help on Ebola
The international group Doctor Without Borders warned Tuesday that the...
medicalxpress.com
Enzyme controlling metastasis of breast cancer identified
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of...
medicalxpress.com
Study links sex hormone levels in the blood to risk of sudden cardiac arrest
Measuring the levels of sex hormones in patients' blood may...
medicalxpress.com
Sabotage as therapy: Aiming lupus antibodies at vulnerable cancer cells
Yale Cancer Center researchers may have discovered a new way...
medicalxpress.com
Replicating the sensitivity of human touch in robots
A piece published today in the New York Times examines the...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Seatbelt laws encourage obese drivers to buckle up
Obesity is associated with many health risks, including heart disease...
medicalxpress.com
ESC: Xarelto Safe for Cardioverting Afib
BARCELONA (MedPage Today) -- Switching atrial fibrillation patients awaiting elective...
Daily breakfast is associated with a lower type 2 diabetes risk profile in children
Regular consumption of a healthy breakfast may help children lower...
medicalxpress.com
Food supplements plus cash to poor families reduces rates of child malnutrition in Niger
In Niger, interventions that combined the distribution of supplementary food...
medicalxpress.com
States To Help Pay Obamacare Tax on Insurers
(MedPage Today) -- States and the federal government will spend...
medpagetoday.com
Stanford addiction expert: It’s often a “subtle journey” from prescription-drug use to abuse
Here are some frightening facts you might not know: Drug...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Throwing a loop to silence gene expression
All human cells contain essentially the same DNA sequence –...
medicalxpress.com
Pelzman's Picks: Interesting Reads in Primary Care
(MedPage Today) -- Pelzman's Picks is a compilation of links...
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +