Quantcast Describing the Pulse - Nursing Fundamentals II

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
average rate than men. The pulse of an infant ranges from 120 to 140 beats per minute.
Rates for children vary according to the size and the age of the child.
c. Activity affects the pulse rate. Exercise or heavy physical work cause the heart
to beat faster and the pulse rate to increase. Excitement, anger, and fear increase the
rate. Some drugs, such as caffeine, may also increase the pulse rate. If the patient has a
fever, the pulse rate increases in proportion to the body's temperature: the pulse rate goes
up about 10 beats for every 1F (0.56C). These conditions cause a temporary increase in
the heartbeat and pulse rate. The heartbeat and pulse rate that is consistently above
normal may be a sign of heart disease, heart failure, hemorrhage, an overactive thyroid
gland, or some other serious disturbance. The term for an abnormally rapid heartbeat is
tachycardia. When the heartbeat is continuously slow, below 60 per minute, the condition
is called bradycardia.
4-13. DESCRIBING THE PULSE
a. Pulse rate describes how often the heart beats.
b. Pulse volume describes the force with which the heart beats. The volume of
the pulse varies with the volume of blood in the arteries, the strength of the heart
contractions, and the elasticity of the blood vessels. A normal pulse can be felt with
moderate pressure of the finger. When every beat is easily felt, the pulse is described as
strong. When greater pressure exerted by the finger cannot blot out the pulse, it is called
full or bounding. A pulse with little force is described as weak or thready.
c. Pulse rhythm is the spacing of the heartbeats. When the intervals between
the beats are the same, the pulse is described as normal or regular. When the pulse
skips a beat occasionally, it is described as intermittent or irregular. A pulse may be
regular in rhythm but irregular in force, with every other beat being weak. To obtain an
accurate assessment of the heart rate, the pulse is counted by listening directly to the
heart (apical pulse).
4-14. FACTORS, WHICH AFFECT THE PULSE RATE
The pulse rate is an indicator of how fast the heart beats. The pulse rate is affected
by several factors.
a. Age. A normal pulse for infants range from 90 to 170 and the rate gradually
decreases up to age 14 when it is equal to the normal adult pulse rate of 60 to 100.
b. Body Build and Size. A short, fat person may have a higher rate than a tall,
slender person.
c. Blood Pressure. As the blood pressure decreases, the pulse will frequently
increase.
MD0906
4-11



Medical News
Music played during surgeries may hinder communication and impact patient safety
Music is currently played in approximately 50% to 70% of...
medicalxpress.com
New study demonstrates combined impact of smoking and early menopause on mortality
Women may now have yet another reason to quit smoking...
medicalxpress.com
England still struggling to close the gap in cancer survival
Cancer survival in England remains lower than countries with similar...
medicalxpress.com
Thousands of womb cancers prevented by the pill, study says
The contraceptive pill has prevented some 200,000 cases of womb...
medicalxpress.com
More than 380 in US sickened by cilantro-linked infection
Two U.S. agencies say more than 380 people in 26...
medicalxpress.com
Coordinated effort by health care facilities can prevent many hospital-acquired infections
By coordinating with state health departments and communicating with each...
medicalxpress.com
Skipping follow up with pulmonologist after COPD hospitalization could be risky business
Researchers have found the risk for hospital readmission to be...
medicalxpress.com
Case study reveals therapy to reduce sarcoidosis symptoms in 5q-myelodysplastic syndrome
A case study published in the August issue of the...
medicalxpress.com
Exploring Alzheimer’s toll on women
In last year’s “Still Alice,” Julianne Moore’s portrays a woman...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Regular consumption of spicy foods linked to lower risk of death
Eating spicy food more frequently as part of a daily...
medicalxpress.com
Are Spicy Foods a Recipe for Longevity?
(MedPage Today) -- Perry Wilson, MD, dishes up answers in...
medpagetoday.com
Antibiotic Resistance: The Next Step (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- CDC says cooperative efforts could prevent hundreds...
medpagetoday.com
Costly Blood Ca Drugs: Cancer Network and OncoTherapy News
(MedPage Today) -- Also, breath-based lung cancer diagnosis...
medpagetoday.com
Consolidating consciousness: Memory permanence may be mediated by neural rehearsal following learning
The permanence of memories has long thought to be mediated...
medicalxpress.com
FDA Warns of Fingolimod PML Cases
(MedPage Today) -- Neither patient had been on a previous...
medpagetoday.com
“Benign masochism” motivates common strange behaviors
I can recall many times I’ve offered something to a...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Suicidal Ideation Higher for Cancer Survivors (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Risk seen even in absence of depression...
medpagetoday.com
Key protein drives 'power plants' that fuel cells in heart and other key body systems
Case Western Reserve University scientists have discovered that a protein...
medicalxpress.com
Half of Hospitals Incur Medicare Readmission Penalties
(MedPage Today) -- Nearly 2,600 hospitals will incur a combined...
medpagetoday.com
Cardio Deaths Are Short Term Risk Post Testicular Cancer Tx (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Chemotherapy drives excess 12-month mortality...
medpagetoday.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +