Quantcast Standard Hospital Diets - Nursing Fundamentals II

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Custom Search
 
  
 
(b)  Celiac disease is an example of malabsorption syndrome. Since the
discovery that the gliadin fraction in gluten (a protein found mainly in wheat) is the
causative factor, a low-gluten, gliadin-free diet has resulted in marked remission of
symptoms.
(c)  Inflammatory bowel disease is a term applied to both ulcerative colitis
and Crohn's disease. These two diseases have similar clinical and pathologic features.
They are particularly prevalent in industrialized areas of the world, suggesting that the
environment plays a significant role. The two goals of a therapeutic diet are to support the
tissue-healing process and prevent nutritional deficiency. The diet must supply about 100
grams of protein per day through elemental formulas or protein supplements with food as
tolerated.
e. To Eliminate Food Substances to Which the Patient may be Allergic.
There are three basic approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of food allergies: clinical
assessment, laboratory tests, and dietary manipulation. Diet therapy is individualized.
f. To Adjust Diet Composition. A therapeutic diet may be ordered to aid
digestion, metabolism, or excretion of certain nutrients or substances.
5-11. STANDARD HOSPITAL DIETS
The types of standard diets used by the Department of the Army are found in TM 8-
500, Nutritional Support Handbook.
a. Clear Liquid Diet. This diet is indicated for the postoperative patient's first
feeding when it is necessary to fully ascertain return of gastrointestinal function. It may
also be used during periods of acute illness, in cases of food intolerance, and to reduce
colon fecal matter for diagnostic procedures.
(1)  The diet is limited to fat-free broth or bouillon, flavored gelatin, water, fruit
drinks without pulp, fruit ice, Popsicles, tea, coffee or coffee substitutes, and sugar. No
cream or creamers are used. Carbonated beverages may be included when ordered by
the physician; however, they are often contraindicated.
(2)  The standard menu mat (DA Form 2902-15R) provides approximately
1146 calories. This diet is below the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for all
nutrients tabulated except for Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). If the patient is to be on clear
liquids for an extended period of time, the portion sizes should be increased or an
accepted enteral formula may be provided.
b. Full Liquid Diet. This diet is used when a patient is unable to chew or swallow
solid food because of extensive oral surgery, facial injuries, esophageal strictures, and
carcinomas of the mouth and esophagus. It may be used to transition between a clear
liquid and a regular diet for the post-surgical patient.
MD0906
5-11



Medical News
AAPM: Platelet-rich plasma offers short-term benefit
(HealthDay)—For patients with facet joint arthropathy, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has...
medicalxpress.com
Androgen deprivation therapy has lasting impact on function
(HealthDay)—For patients with prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has...
medicalxpress.com
Video: What's the difference between sugar and high-fructose corn syrup?
It seems like it's in just about every product on...
medicalxpress.com
How newest class of drugs could save billions of dollars
Clad in white lab coats, blue gloves and safety goggles,...
medicalxpress.com
Arsenic metabolism linked to diabetes incidence
(HealthDay)—Arsenic metabolism is prospectively associated with diabetes incidence, according to...
medicalxpress.com
New stroke prevention efforts may be paying off
(HealthDay)—Fewer people are being treated in U.S. emergency rooms for...
medicalxpress.com
Chronic loneliness in older adults leads to more doctors' office visits, study finds
Experiences of loneliness and social isolation can lead to increased...
medicalxpress.com
Benefits of iron supplements unclear for pregnant women, young children
(HealthDay)—Taking iron supplements during pregnancy doesn't appear to significantly change...
medicalxpress.com
Mayo Clinic unravels a mystery disease for Minnesota lawyer
Greg Widseth didn't know what hit him. The lawyer felt...
medicalxpress.com
Protein may improve liver regeneration
Researchers at UC Davis have illuminated an important distinction between...
medicalxpress.com
Eat right to protect your sight
(HealthDay)—A number of nutrients can help keep your eyes healthy,...
medicalxpress.com
Staff attitudes impact extended treatment time on hemodialysis
(HealthDay)—Although most health care staff feel that extended treatment time...
medicalxpress.com
Exogenous progesterone increases nuchal translucency
(HealthDay)—Exogenous progesterone seems to increase nuchal translucency (NT), according to...
medicalxpress.com
Opioid-induced constipation significant in pain patients
(HealthDay)—Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is significant among noncancer pain patients, according...
medicalxpress.com
FDA expands approval for 'valve in valve' aortic replacement
(HealthDay)—The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday that use...
medicalxpress.com
Scientists get one step closer to finding how to repair damaged nerve cells
A team of researchers at the IRCM led by Frédéric...
medicalxpress.com
Alzheimer’s forum with Rep. Jackie Speier spurs conversation, activism
What happens when you bring together a woman with Alzheimer’s,...
scopeblog.stanford.edu
Premature aging of stem cell telomeres, not inflammation, linked to emphysema
Lung diseases like emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis are common among...
medicalxpress.com
Phone counseling reduces pain, disability after back surgery
Research by Johns Hopkins scientists suggests that having a short...
medicalxpress.com
A risk score for chronic kidney disease can inform choice of HIV medications
Both traditional and HIV-related risk factors can predict the likelihood...
medicalxpress.com
 


Privacy Statement - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

comments powered by Disqus

Integrated Publishing, Inc.
9438 US Hwy 19N #311 Port Richey, FL 34668

Phone For Parts Inquiries: (727) 755-3260
Google +