Higher in protein and inorganic salts than breast milk.
Lower in fats and carbohydrates than breast milk.
(4) Contains high levels of antibodies, which protect the infant against
Nutritive value is lower than that of breast milk.
Acts as a laxative for the newborn.
(1) As previously mentioned, breast milk usually comes three or four days
postpartum. The color is bluish white. The milk causes a fullness and tenderness to
the breasts which is known as engorgement. This congestion usually subsides in one
to two days. Ejection reflex can be adversely affected by extreme factors such as
anxiety, tension, or severe cold or pain. The infant should be breast-fed in a
comfortable, relaxed setting. Some medications may be excreted through the breast
(2) Suppression of breast milk by non-nursing mothers is simple and most
natural. The mother should:
(a) Not allow the infant to suck.
(b) Not stimulate the breast or nipples.
Wear a tight bra.
(d) Avoid hot showers.
Apply ice packs to the breast if engorgement occurs.
Hormonal methods to suppress breast milk are administered during the
postpartum period. This method suppresses the production of prolaction.
(3) The dietary requirements of the lactating mother should include increase
amounts of protein, calcium, iron, and vitamins. An increase in fluid intake is also
necessary. The amount of breast milk production is directly proportional to fluid intake.
Additional fluids are required in hot, humid climates.