bb. Sepsis. Invasion of the body by pyrogenic microorganisms.
cc. Sterile. Free of microorganisms, including all spores.
dd. Sterilizer. Apparatus using saturated steam under pressure, ethylene
oxide, or dry heat as the sterilizing agent. These include gravity and mechanical types.
ee. Sterilization. The process by which all pathogenic and non-pathogenic
microorganisms, including spores are killed.
ff. Surgically Clean. Mechanically or physically cleaned but unsterile. Items
are rendered surgically clean by the use of chemical, physical, or mechanical means
that reduce the number of microorganisms on them.
gg. Terminal Sterilization and Disinfection. The procedures carried out for
the destruction of pathogens on instruments and supplies before they are handled for
complete cleaning and checked for proper functioning. Terminal sterilization is often
done by the using unit to protect personnel handling the items prior to sterilization.
hh. Ultrasonic Washer. An apparatus in which the cleaning of equipment,
principally instruments, is done by the compressional force of the ultra-sound waves.
ii. Washer. An apparatus in which glassware, instruments, utensils, and other
items are cleaned.
jj. Washer-Sterilizer. An apparatus in which instruments and utensils are
washed and then sterilized, employing saturated steam under pressure.
1-15. TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH ORDERING SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT FOR
CENTRAL MATERIEL SERVICE
Supplies and equipment must be ordered from the Logistics/Supply and Service
Division. The procedures you will need for ordering supplies and equipment are
discussed in Lesson 2. The terms you need to know to identify various types of
supplies and equipment are defined in the following paragraphs.
a. Expendable. Items that are consumed (used up) as they are used (such as
tape, gauze, drugs), that lose their identity (such as a spare part), or that are of such
low cost that records are not needed.
b. Nonexpendable. Items that are not consumed in use, that retain their
original identity during the period of use, and that normally require accounting (such as
a sterilizer, oxygen equipment, suction pumps, wheelchairs).
c. Standard Items. Supplies and equipment that are approved and are
available through the Federal Supply Catalog (FSC). These items are issued through
the regular supply system, which is discussed in Lesson 2.