Science. Systematized and classified knowledge.
-ology (suffix). A science or branch of knowledge.
Regional or topographical anatomy. The study of separate parts of the
(4) Systemic anatomy. The study of systems and associated parts.
Systemic anatomy is divided into these subdivisions:
Osteology. The study of the bones.
(b) Arthrology. The study of the articulations or joints.
Myology. The study of the muscular system.
Neurology. The study of the nervous system.
(d) Angiology. The study of the vascular/lymphatic vessels.
Embryology. The study of the origin of the structures of the body.
Physiology. The study of the functions and activities of the body.
(7) Pathology. The study of changes in the structures or function of the
body caused by disease or trauma.
(8) Radiology. That branch of medical science that deals with the use of
radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases.
b. Normal Anatomical Position. To avoid misunderstanding, a standard
position of the human body (figure 1-1) is arbitrarily taken to be the erect (standing)
position with feet flat on the floor, heels together, upper extremities at the sides, and
palms, toes, and eyes directed forward. This is the anatomical position.
c. Terms Dealing with Aspects and Directions.
Anterior, frontal, or ventrum. The front side of the body.
Posterior or dorsum. The back, or dorsum, of the body.
Median. Pertaining to the midline of the body (figure1-1).