The purpose of radiography is to demonstrate the general condition of the bony
structures with regard to existing disease or with regard to the functional status. It can
be used to:
a. Differentiate an anatomical short leg from a functional short leg.
b. Diagnose the various bone deformities caused by diseases such as scurvy,
rickets, or other vitamin deficiencies and the various arthritic conditions.
c. Visualize any existing pathology including which may have metastasized from
d. Determine the bone age of an individual in comparison to his chronological
4-27. CLINICAL PROCEDURE
Radiography of the skeletal system includes a number of examinations. The
anatomical areas concerned govern the x-ray procedures used. Some of the more
common examinations are described in paragraphs 1-7 through 1-11.
4-28. ARTHRITIC SURVEY
This survey will primarily be used to diagnose bone deformities in all areas of
articulation caused by arthritis. The number of radiographs taken will be governed by
the routine established in the specific clinic; however, the radiographs will always be
taken of the primary joint spaces of the body. When a severe arthritic condition is found
within one joint space of the body, it is very possible that other joint areas are also
involved. It is for this reason that this survey has been established. In order to
complete this survey clinically, it is customary to perform right angle viewing of the
specific areas in question. Added suggested routines are as follows:
a. AP and lateral elbows, knees, and ankles.
b. Laterals only--cervical, dorsal, and lumbar spines.
c. AP pelvis.
d. Bilateral-PA hands and wrists, DP feet, and AP shoulders.