g. Proximal. The opposite of distal is proximal. The term "proximal" refers to
parts closest to the center, midline or trunk. (It might help you to remember the term if
you note that the word "proximh(us)" is Latin for nearest.) Proximal can also mean near
the source or beginning. Consider figure 3-15 in terms of the scapula. You could say
that the upper arm is proximal to the scapula. On the other hand, the metacarpals are
distal to the scapula. In figure 3-16, we have a lateral proximal femur. In what sense is
this projection proximal?
Figure 3-15. The humerus is proximal, whereas the hand is distal.
Figure 3-16. The lateral proximal femur is a side view of the part of the femur that is
closest to the point of attachment.