THE ARMY PREVENTIVE MEDICINE PROGRAM
Army preventive medicine programs vary from place to place. The location and
the functions of a particular installation determine the nature and scope of its preventive
medicine program. For example, a greater variety of health factors are encountered in
Garrison than in the field where preventive medicine relates primarily to the hazards of
living under field conditions. Basic training centers focus on an effective program for
preventing infectious respiratory diseases. In contrast, industrial installations with
largely permanent staffs devote more time to occupational health and industrial hygiene.
An installation located in a cold, northern climate would encounter problems different
from those of an installation in the south. However, all Army preventive medicine
programs share a common purpose and utilize similar personnel resources.
MISSIONS OF THE ARMY PREVENTIVE MEDICINE PROGRAM
a. The efficiency of military personnel and the maintenance of the Army at its
maximum effective strength depend upon the health and well being of the troops at
every level of command. The mission of the Army Preventive Medicine Program is to
establish practical measures to preserve health and to prevent disease and injury. The
Army gives the individual soldier maximum responsibility for achieving the goals of the
program. Where appropriate, the program will be coordinated with the preventive
medicine programs of the other Armed forces and with civilian health agencies.
b. The Army Preventive Medicine Program is outlined in AR 40-5.
AUTHORITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ARMY PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
The following authorities have major responsibility for the Army Preventive
Medicine Program, both in garrison and in the field.
a. The Commander. The post commander's responsibilities include all aspects
of health and sanitation at the unit, post, or installation. He takes appropriate action,
based on the recommendations of the medical authorities, to protect all his personnel
from communicable diseases and harmful environmental conditions. The commander
receives input on health and environment issues and is particularly concerned that:
(1) All eligible military and civilian personnel are physically, mentally, and
psychologically suited to their tasks and their physical and mental health are maintained