Figure 6-2. Checking an infant for breathing.
(1) If your check shows that the casualty is breathing, maintain his airway
and examine him for injuries. Check on the casualty's breathing periodically. Be
prepared to administer rescue breathing or CPR should the casualty stop breathing.
(2) If your check shows that the casualty is not breathing, begin rescue
breathing (paragraph 6-3) immediately.
ADMINISTER TWO VENTILATIONS
If the child or infant is not breathing, administer two ventilations. If you are able
to seal your mouth over both the casualty's mouth and nose at the same time,
administer ventilations using the mouth-to-mouth-and-nose method. If you are not able
to seal your mouth over both the mouth and nose, administer mouth-to-mouth or mouth-
to-nose ventilations as described in paragraph 3-9. Administer smaller breaths with a
child or infant since you do not need to blow as much air into his lungs for them to
expand fully. The mouth-to-mouth-and-nose method is described in the following
a. Maintain the airway (modified head-tilt/chin lift or modified jaw-thrust).
b. Take a breath. Do not take a deep breath since you will not need to blow
much air to inflate the casualty's smaller lungs.
c. Seal your mouth over the casualty's mouth and nose. Make sure that your
mouth forms an air tight seal so that air will not escape when you blow air into his mouth