Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder. The rate of bone resorption
accelerates at the same time the rate of bone formation slows down. The result is a
loss of bone mass. The bones that are affected by this disease lose calcium and
phosphate a salt that causes the bones to become porous, brittle, and abnormally
vulnerable to fracture. This condition affects the entire skeletal system eventually
allowing the spine to curve, the thorax to drop, and the ribs to fall on the pelvic rim.
a. Cause of Osteoporosis. Included are the following:
A mild but prolonged lack of adequate calcium intake
(2) Decrease or loss of anabolic sex hormone (anabolism = formation of
living tissue from simple substances).
(3) Bone atrophy (wasting and loss of function) of the hands, wrists, or feet
following minor injuries. (Also called Sudeck's atrophy)
(4) Excess of catabolic hormones (body compounds which breakdown
chemical substances into more basic parts).
Malabsorption syndrome (body's ability to absorb nutritional elements is
b. Signs/Symptoms of Osteoporosis. Included are:
Pain in the lumbar spine.
(2) Tendency to kyphosis (an exaggeration of the thoracic curve of the
vertebral column resulting in a round-shouldered or hunched back appearance.
Kidney stones from hypercalciuria (too much calcium in the urine).
c. Treatment of Osteoporosis. Follow these instructions:
Follow a high protein diet, supplementary calcium, and multivitamin pills.
Increase fluid intake.
Sleep on a firm surface.
Increase physical activity.