6. The antidiuretic hormone is one of the two main hormones involved in the
formation of urine. What is its role in the formation of urine?
a. The antidiuretic hormone dilutes the concentration of urine by increasing
the amount of water reabsorbed in the distal and collecting tubules.
b. The antidiuretic hormone dilutes the concentration of the urine by
increasing sodium reabsorption in the distal tubules and collecting ducts.
c. The antidiuretic hormone concentrates the urine by decreasing sodium
and water absorption in the distal tubules and collecting ducts.
d. The antidiuretic hormone increases water absorption in order to
concentrate the urine.
The ureter can be best described as a _____________________.
Tube that conducts the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of
b. Tube that allows for reabsorption of water from the glomerular filtrate in
order to concentrate the urine.
Tube that connects the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
d. Tube that collects the urine after it has passed through the distal
Uremia is a condition-characterized by________________.
a. An inflammation of the nephrons caused by toxic material produced by
A build-up of toxic substances in the blood because of kidney failure.
Increased urine output due to a low production of the antidiuretic
d. A burning and stinging sensation in the urinary bladder due to some type
of chronic inflammation.