THE HUMAN UROGENTIAL SYSTEM
Section I. OVERVIEW OF THE UROGENITAL SYSTEMS
The human urogenital systems are made up of the urinary organs, which produce
the fluid called urine, and the genital or reproductive organs, organs of male and female
humans, which together can produce a new human being.
6-2. DISCUSSION OF LESSON CONTENT
This lesson will focus on the human urinary and reproductive systems. The
urinary system will be discussed first.
Section II. THE HUMAN URINARY SYSTEM
The urinary system is one of the major systems of your body. When something
goes wrong with this system, medical assistance must quickly be obtained. An
understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system will help you as you
study such drug categories as diuretics (those drugs which increase urine output).
6-4. THE HUMAN URINARY SYSTEM
a. Proteins. Proteins are one of the basic foodstuffs that humans consume.
When the body uses proteins, residue or waste products can be poisonous (toxic) if
allowed to accumulate in large amounts. The urinary system of the human body is
specialized to remove these nitrogenous waste products from the circulating blood.
b. Major Parts. See Figure 6-1 for the major parts of the human urinary system.
This system includes two kidneys, two ureters (one connecting each kidney to the
urinary bladder), the urinary bladder, and the urethra.