Icterus: A condition characterized by yellowish skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and
body fluids caused by deposition of excess bilirubin.
Immunodeficiency: A decrease from the normal concentration of immunoglobulins in
Incubation: In vitro combination of antigen and antibody under certain conditions of
time and temperature to allow antigen-antibody complexes to occur.
Intraoperative salvage: A procedure to reclaim a patient's blood loss during an
operation by reinfusion.
Intravascular: Within the blood vessel.
ISBT: International Society of Blood Transfusion.
In vitro: In a test tube.
In vivo: In the living body.
Jaundice: A condition characterized by yellowing of the skin and the whites of the
eyes. One cause is excess hemolysis, which results in increased circulating bilirubin.
Another cause is liver damage caused by hepatitis.
JBPO: Joint Blood Program Office. Manages blood at the unified command level.
Key Element: Individual step for each control point.
Leishmaniasis: Infection with a species of Leishmania affecting the skin, nasal
cavities, and pharynx.
Low-Ionic-Strength Solution (LISS): A type of potentiating medium in use for
serologic testing. Reducing the ionic affinity of the antigen for its corresponding
antibody such that sensitivity can be increased and incubation time can be decreased.
The solutions contain glycine and glucose in addition to saline.
Malaria: An acute and sometimes chronic infectious disease caused by the presence
of parasites within red cells. The parasite is Plasmodium, which is introduced through
bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes or through blood transfusion.
Manufacture: All steps in the manufacture and preparation of products and includes,
but is not limited to, filling, testing, labeling, packaging and storage by the manufacturer.
MASH: Mobile Army Surgical Hospital.
MEDLOG Bn: Medical Logistics Battalion.